Par Date


  • 1-November-2016

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes Peer Reviews: Dominican Republic 2016 - Phase 2: Implementation of the Standard in Practice

    This report contains the 2014 “Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice” Global Forum review of Dominican Republic.

    The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.

    The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.

    The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.

    All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • 1-November-2016

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes Peer Reviews: Marshall Islands 2016 - Phase 2: Implementation of the Standard in Practice

    This report contains the 2014 “Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice” Global Forum review of Marshall Islands.

    The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.

    The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.

    The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.

    All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • 30-septembre-2016

    Français

    Neutraliser les effets des dispositifs hybrides, Action 2 - Rapport final 2015

    Ce rapport formule des recommandations en vue d’élaborer des règles nationales qui neutraliseront l’effet de dispositifs hybrides, et prévoit d’apporter des modifications au Modèle de Convention fiscale de l’OCDE pour lutter contre ces dispositifs. Une fois transposées dans le droit interne, les recommandations figurant dans la première partie du rapport neutraliseront les effets des dispositifs hybrides transnationaux qui permettent de multiples déductions au titre d’une même dépense ou des déductions opérées dans un pays sans imposition correspondante dans l’autre pays. La première partie préconise d’établir des règles permettant de contrer les asymétries des régimes fiscaux concernant des paiements effectués au titre d’un instrument financier hybride ou effectués par une entité hybride ou en sa faveur. Elle recommande aussi d’adopter des règles qui ciblent les asymétries indirectes qui surviennent lorsque les effets d’un dispositif hybride sont importés dans un pays tiers. Ces recommandations s’accompagnent de commentaires et d’exemples qui illustrent comment elles doivent être appliquées. La deuxième partie du rapport décrit les modifications proposées au Modèle de Convention fiscale pour faire en sorte que les avantages des conventions fiscales soient octroyés aux entités hybrides (y compris aux entités à double résidence) uniquement lorsque les circonstances s’y prêtent. Cette partie examine également les interactions entre le Modèle de Convention fiscale de l’OCDE et les recommandations relatives au droit interne qui font l’objet de la première partie.

  • 30-septembre-2016

    Français

    Relever les défis fiscaux posés par l'économie numérique, Action 1 - Rapport final 2015

    L’essor de l’économie numérique soulève des défis qui se rapportent à la fiscalité internationale. Ce rapport analyse en détail ces défis. Il observe que l’économie numérique s’impose de plus en plus comme l’économie au sens propre, de sorte qu’il serait difficile, voire impossible, de l’isoler du reste de l’économie à des fins fiscales. Il ajoute toutefois que certains modèles économiques et attributs essentiels de l’économie numérique peuvent exacerber les risques de BEPS, et décrit les effets attendus des mesures issues de l’ensemble des actions qui constituent le projet BEPS. Il présente également les règles et mécanismes d’application qui ont été définis pour faciliter la collecte de la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA) à partir du pays où se trouve le consommateur lors de transactions transfrontalières entre entreprises et consommateurs, et qui permettront d’établir des règles du jeu équitables entre fournisseurs nationaux et étrangers. Enfin, le rapport étudie et analyse des solutions possibles aux défis fiscaux de plus large portée posés par l’économie numérique, et souligne la nécessité de suivre les évolutions de l’économie numérique au fil du temps.

  • 26-September-2016

    English

    Taxing Wages in Latin America and the Caribbean 2016

    This new high profile report provides details of taxes paid on wages in twenty economies in Latin America and the Caribbean.  It covers: personal income taxes and social security contributions paid by employees; social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by employers; cash benefits received by in-work families.

    It illustrates how these taxes and benefits are calculated in each member country and examines how they impact on household incomes. The results also enable quantitative cross-country comparisons of labour cost levels and the overall tax and benefit position of single persons and families on different levels of earnings.

    The publication shows the amounts of taxes and social security contributions levied and cash benefits received for eight different family types which vary by a combination of household composition and household type.  It also presents the resulting average and marginal tax rates (i.e. the tax burden). Average tax rates show that part of gross wage earnings or total labour costs which is taken in tax and social security contributions (both before and after cash benefits). Marginal tax rates show the part of a small increase of gross earnings or total labour costs that is paid in these levies.

    The data presented can be used in academic research and to analyse tax, social and economic policies in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  • 13-September-2016

    English

    Tax Policy Reforms in the OECD 2016

    This is the first edition of "Tax Policy Reforms in the OECD". This annual series of reports aims to track and compare tax policy developments over time across OECD countries. This year’s edition focuses on the tax reforms that were introduced in 2015 and identifies the most significant tax policy reforms as well as common tax policy trends across groups of countries. The Report is primarily based on responses to the OECD Tax Policy Reform Questionnaire which is sent yearly to all member countries to collect information on tax reforms and their expected revenue effects. Monitoring  tax policy reforms across the OECD and understanding the context in which they were undertaken is crucial to inform tax policy discussions but also to support member and non-member countries in their assessment and design of future tax reforms.

  • 13-September-2016

    English

    Effective Carbon Rates - Pricing CO2 through Taxes and Emissions Trading Systems

    To tackle climate change, CO2 emissions need to be cut. Pricing carbon is one of the most effective and lowest-cost ways of inducing such cuts. This report presents the first full analysis of the use of carbon pricing on energy in 41 OECD and G20 economies, covering 80% of global energy use and of CO2 emissions. The analysis takes a comprehensive view of carbon prices, including specific taxes on energy use, carbon taxes and tradable emission permit prices. It shows the entire distribution of effective carbon rates by country and the composition of effective carbon rates by six economic sectors within each country. Carbon prices are seen to be often very low, but some countries price significant shares of their carbon emissions. The ‘carbon pricing gap’, a synthetic indicator showing the extent to which effective carbon rates fall short of pricing emissions at EUR 30 per tonne, the low-end estimate of the cost of carbon used in this study, sheds light on potential ways of strengthening carbon pricing.

  • 30-août-2016

    Français

    Projet BEPS - Exposé des actions 2015

    Endiguer l’érosion de la base d’imposition et le transfert de bénéfices (BEPS) est une priorité absolue pour les pouvoirs publics des pays du monde entier. En 2013, les pays de l’OCDE et du G20 ont adopté un Plan d’action en 15 points, à l’élaboration duquel ils ont œuvré de concert et sur un pied d’égalité, pour lutter contre l’érosion de la base d’imposition et le transfert de bénéfices. Le Projet BEPS réalisé sous l’égide de l’OCDE et du G20, vise à assurer aux États des recettes budgétaires grâce à une fiscalité en phase avec l’évolution des activités économiques et la création de valeur, mais aussi à créer, dans le domaine de la fiscalité internationale, un ensemble unique de règles faisant l’objet d’un consensus pour combattre l’érosion de la base d’imposition et le transfert de bénéfices, et partant, à protéger l’assiette imposable tout en offrant aux contribuables une prévisibilité et une certitude accrues. L’un des axes majeurs de l’effort engagé est l’élimination de la double non-imposition. Les nouvelles règles qui doivent être adoptées à cet effet ne doivent toutefois pas entraîner l’application d’une double imposition, soumettre les contribuables à des obligations trop contraignantes ou instituer des restrictions faisant obstacle à des activités transnationales par ailleurs légitimes. Cet Exposé des actions offre un aperçu du projet BEPS et de ses résultats.

  • 25-août-2016

    Français

    La Convention multilatérale sur la coopération fiscale franchit la barre des 100

    Lors d'une cérémonie tenue ce jour au siège de l'OCDE à Paris, le Burkina Faso, la Malaisie, Saint Kitts et Nevis, Saint Vincent et les Grenadines et Samoa ont signé la Convention multilatérale concernant l'assistance administrative mutuelle en matière fiscale, portant à 103 le nombre de juridictions participantes.

    Documents connexes
  • 25-August-2016

    English, PDF, 3,229kb

    Comments received on the discussion draft on elements of the design and operation of the group ratio rule

    The OECD published comments received on the discussion draft on elements of the design and operation of the group ratio rule.

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