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This study adds to the evidence base of successful tax reforms by governments in developing countries where international support has helped.
These three tax events held on the side-lines of the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa were organised by the OECD in partnership with UN-DESA and UNDP, and with support from a geographically wide and diverse coalition of partners including governments, regional tax organisations and civil society.
The OECD is holding three tax events on the side-lines of the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
L’OCDE et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) ont lancé une nouvelle initiative pour aider les pays en développement à accroître leurs recettes intérieures en renforçant leurs capacités en matière de vérification fiscale.
Événement en marge de la Troisième conférence internationale sur le financement du développement
Les taxes font partie des moyens potentiels les plus efficaces pour réduire la pollution et les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, mais elles sont actuellement sous-utilisées, à de très rares exceptions près ; même quand elles sont utilisées, elles ne sont en général pas conçues de manière à être optimisées.
This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy (electricity, urban mobility and rural land use).
Outside of countries’ core climate policies, many of the regulatory features of today’s economies have been built around the availability of fossil fuels and without any regard for the greenhouse gas emissions stemming from human activities. This report makes a diagnosis of these contradictions and points to means of solving them to support a more effective transition of all countries to a low-carbon economy.
Concerns around potential losses of competitiveness as a result of unilateral action on carbon pricing are often central for policy makers contemplating the introduction of such instruments. This paper is a review of literature on ex post empirical evaluations of the impacts of carbon prices on indicators of competitiveness as employed in the literature, including employment, output or exports, at different levels of aggregation.
Proposals to increase environmentally related taxes are often challenged on competitiveness grounds. The concern is that value creation in certain sectors might decline domestically if a country introduces environmentally related taxes unilaterally. This paper provides evidence on the short-term competitiveness impacts of the German electricity tax introduced unilaterally in 1999.
This year’s COP21 presents a unique opportunity. It will need to forge a clear path for reducing emissions, and for lessening our impact on the planet. It is therefore timely that this year’s International Tax Dialogue focuses on the role that tax can play in managing these environmental challenges.