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  • 13-juillet-2015

    Français

    Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières : L’OCDE et le PNUD œuvrent avec les pays en développement à l’amélioration de l’efficacité des vérifications fiscales

    L’OCDE et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) ont lancé une nouvelle initiative pour aider les pays en développement à accroître leurs recettes intérieures en renforçant leurs capacités en matière de vérification fiscale.

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  • 3-juillet-2015

    Français

  • 3-July-2015

    English

    Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy

    This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy (electricity, urban mobility and rural land use).

    Outside of countries’ core climate policies, many of the regulatory features of today’s economies have been built around the availability of fossil fuels and without any regard for the greenhouse gas emissions stemming from human activities. This report makes a diagnosis of these contradictions and points to means of solving them to support a more effective transition of all countries to a low-carbon economy.

  • 2-July-2015

    English

    Impacts of Carbon Prices on Indicators of Competitiveness

    Concerns around potential losses of competitiveness as a result of unilateral action on carbon pricing are often central for policy makers contemplating the introduction of such instruments. This paper is a review of literature on ex post empirical evaluations of the impacts of carbon prices on indicators of competitiveness as employed in the literature, including employment, output or exports, at different levels of aggregation.

  • 2-July-2015

    English

    Competitiveness Impacts of the German Electricity Tax

    Proposals to increase environmentally related taxes are often challenged on competitiveness grounds. The concern is that value creation in certain sectors might decline domestically if a country introduces environmentally related taxes unilaterally. This paper provides evidence on the short-term competitiveness impacts of the German electricity tax introduced unilaterally in 1999.

  • 1-July-2015

    English

    6th International Tax Dialogue Global Conference

    This year’s COP21 presents a unique opportunity. It will need to forge a clear path for reducing emissions, and for lessening our impact on the planet. It is therefore timely that this year’s International Tax Dialogue focuses on the role that tax can play in managing these environmental challenges.

  • 1-July-2015

    English

    6th ITD Global Conference

    The International Tax Dialogue (ITD) is organising its 6th global conference at the OECD. This year’s conference will focus on Tax and the Environment, an issue of growing importance and of direct relevance in the lead up to the COP21 meeting taking place later in the year. The ITD is a joint initiative of the EC, IDB, IMF, OECD, World Bank and CIAT.

    Related Documents
  • 30-juin-2015

    Français

    Édifier une culture fiscale, du civisme et de citoyenneté - Un document de référence global de l'éducation des contribuables

    Maintenant plus que jamais, les États multiplient leurs efforts afin de percevoir davantage de recettes fiscales intérieures. Pour ce faire, ils se tournent de plus en plus vers les contribuables – ceux d’aujourd’hui et ceux de demain – afin de les informer et de les mobiliser. Leur objectif est de favoriser l’émergence d’une culture du civisme fondée sur les droits et les responsabilités, culture en vertu de laquelle chaque citoyen considèrerait que le paiement des impôts est une composante à part entière de la relation qu’il entretient avec la puissance publique. De ce point de vue, l’éducation des contribuables est une passerelle entre l’administration fiscale et les citoyens et un outil de transformation de la culture fiscale. Cette publication présente des stratégies novatrices dans 28 pays afin de fournir des idées et de l'inspiration pour l'éducation des contribuables, l’éducation fiscale et la sensibilisation. Elle aide les autorités fiscales des pays en développement à renforcer le moral fiscal et le civisme fiscal de leurs citoyens.

     

  • 25-June-2015

    English

    Taxing Energy Use 2015 - OECD and Selected Partner Economies

    Energy is a critical input into the production and consumption patterns that support economic and social wellbeing. However, many forms of energy use contribute to the environmental and climate challenges societies face today. Taxation is a key tool by which governments can influence energy use to contain its environmental impacts. This report provides a systematic analysis of the structure and level of energy taxes in OECD and selected other countries; together, they cover 80% of global energy use.

    This report builds on the 2013 edition of Taxing Energy Use, expanding the geographic coverage of the 2013 data set to include Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia and South Africa. The report describes energy use, taxation and pricing in these countries and presents detailed graphical profiles of the structure of energy use and taxation for each.

    The analysis reveals large differences in the taxation of energy across countries, although common patterns emerge. Transport taxes are considerably higher than in other sectors, where fuels that cause considerable harm for the environment and human health are often taxed at very low – or zero – rates. With few exceptions, countries' energy taxes do not harness the full power of taxes to reduce pollution and combat climate change.

  • 25-juin-2015

    Français

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