The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 120 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.
The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.
The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.
All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.
e Forum mondial sur la transparence et l’échange de renseignements à des fins fiscales publie aujourd’hui de nouveaux rapports d’examen par les pairs portant sur 12 pays ou juridictions, se rapprochant un peu plus de son objectif de mettre en œuvre des normes mondiales de transparence et d’échange de renseignements en matière fiscale.
Taxpayer education is the bridge linking tax administration and citizens and a key tool to transform tax culture. Covering innovative strategies in 28 countries, this publication offers ideas and inspiration for taxpayer education, literacy and outreach. The presentation ceremony, which took place in Bolivia, was attended by representatives of EuropeAid, EUROsociAL, Bolivia's National Tax Service and the OECD.
These three tax events held on the side-lines of the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa were organised by the OECD in partnership with UN-DESA and UNDP, and with support from a geographically wide and diverse coalition of partners including governments, regional tax organisations and civil society.
The OECD is holding three tax events on the side-lines of the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
With the establishment of Tax Inspectors Without Borders, a new, niche area of technical support is now available. By creating a framework to address the confidentiality and conflict of interest concerns that previously prevented tax inspectors from assisting each other in this way, TIWB now paves the way for real-time, hands on help to developing countries to improve tax collection.
L’OCDE et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) ont lancé une nouvelle initiative pour aider les pays en développement à accroître leurs recettes intérieures en renforçant leurs capacités en matière de vérification fiscale.
Les taxes font partie des moyens potentiels les plus efficaces pour réduire la pollution et les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, mais elles sont actuellement sous-utilisées, à de très rares exceptions près ; même quand elles sont utilisées, elles ne sont en général pas conçues de manière à être optimisées.
This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy (electricity, urban mobility and rural land use).
Outside of countries’ core climate policies, many of the regulatory features of today’s economies have been built around the availability of fossil fuels and without any regard for the greenhouse gas emissions stemming from human activities. This report makes a diagnosis of these contradictions and points to means of solving them to support a more effective transition of all countries to a low-carbon economy.
Concerns around potential losses of competitiveness as a result of unilateral action on carbon pricing are often central for policy makers contemplating the introduction of such instruments. This paper is a review of literature on ex post empirical evaluations of the impacts of carbon prices on indicators of competitiveness as employed in the literature, including employment, output or exports, at different levels of aggregation.