ISBN Number: 9264025642
Studies Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development: Economic, Environmental and Social Aspects
Subsidies are pervasive in OECD countries and are among the most powerful public policy instruments. But they often introduce unintended consequences, such as budget deficits, pollution, unemployment and trade distortions.
Subsidy reform depends on better understanding of their economic, environmental and social costs and benefits at national and international levels. Such an integrated perspective on subsidies can lead to greater transparency about their impacts and can also provide a range of arguments for overcoming vested interests to prompt subsidy reform.
This report contains the proceedings of an OECD workshop on subsidy reform held in October 2005 under the auspices of the OECD programme on sustainable development. It provides an overview of approaches for assessing subsidies and associated taxes, and looks at country experiences in reforming subsidies in the agriculture, fisheries, industry, and transport sectors.
Introduction by Candice Stevens
Chair’s Summary by Lori Ridgeway
Discussant Remarks by Scott Vaughan
Part I. Frameworks for Measuring and Assessing Subsidies
- Chapter 1. Overview of Approaches for Assessing Subsidies by Anthony Cox
- Chapter 2. Accounting Approaches for Assessing Subsidies and Tax by Maja Larsson and Viveka Palm
Part II. Case Studies of Subsidy Reform Experiences in Agriculture and Fisheries
- Chapter 3. Subsidy Reform in the New Zealand Agricultural Sector by Vangelis Vitalis
- Chapter 4. Water Reform and the Agricultural Sector in Australia Roland Pittar
- Chapter 5. Subsidy Reform in the Norwegian Fisheries Sector by Rognvaldur Hannesson
- Chapter 6. Subsidies and the 2003 Cod Fishery Closure in Canada by Goradz Ruseski
Part III. Case Studies of Subsidy Reform Experiences in Industry and Transport
- Chapter 7. Reform of Industrial Zone Subsidies in the Czech Republic by Miroslav Hajek
- Chapter 8. Restructuring Aid to the Steel Industry of New EU Member States by Max Lienemeyer
- Chapter 9. Reforming Counterproductive Subsidies in Austrian Transport by Karl Steininger and Franz Prettenthaler
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