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  • 28-novembre-2018

    Français

    L’OCDE, ONU Environnement et la Banque mondiale appellent à réorienter radicalement les financements pour favoriser un avenir bas carbone et résilient au changement climatique

    L’OCDE, ONU Environnement et le Groupe de la Banque mondiale ont appelé aujourd’hui les dirigeants des pays du G20 à redoubler d’efforts pour permettre une réorientation radicale des investissements vers des infrastructures bas carbone et résilientes au changement climatique et limiter ainsi l’impact de la modification du climat.

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  • 22-November-2018

    English

    Managing the Water-Energy-Land-Food Nexus in Korea - Policies and Governance Options

    This report assesses the key bottlenecks within the water-energy-land-food nexus in Korea, and proposes policy recommendations and governance arrangements to future-proof environmental integrity and enhance sustainable growth. The increasing pressure caused by urbanisation, industrialisation, population growth and climate change in Korea has led to more land consumption and augmented water supply, at the expense of the environment and at a high cost for public finance. Korea has engaged with the OECD via a national policy dialogue to explore best practices from the wider international community to better manage the nexus at the river basin scale.
  • 12-November-2018

    English

    Global Outlook on Financing for Sustainable Development 2019 - Time to Face the Challenge

    The financing for sustainable development agenda promises to bring together more actors than ever before – from businesses, governments, philanthropists, and remitting households – to address the world’s most pressing problems and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.Yet, in spite of this promise, the financing for sustainable development gap is growing. While needs continue to increase, resources available to developing countries have been constrained and in some cases even declining, as illustrated by the recent drop in foreign direct investments. New financial instruments and interactions have yet to mobilise much-needed new resources in sufficient volumes. And despite significant advances, we do not yet fully understand the opportunities and risks faced by the various actors in this complex new global financing system.This report sounds a wake-up call. To fulfil the commitments of the 2030 Agenda, and lift hundreds of millions of people out of extreme poverty, the international community needs to maximise the development footprint of existing and future resources, thereby 'shifting the trillions' towards the SDGs. The first in a series, this report charts a forward path for the changes required in measurement, policies, and operations to achieve these ambitious objectives.
  • 12-November-2018

    English

    Developing Robust Project Pipelines for Low-Carbon Infrastructure

    This report aims to provide policy makers with a comprehensive examination of 'project pipelines', a common concept in infrastructure planning and investment discussions, and one which has become a focal point in countries’ efforts to implement their climate commitments. The analysis is structured around some basic but important guiding questions, including: What is meant by project pipelines? How can we characterise them? What concrete approaches and actions can governments and other public institutions take to develop project pipelines and mobilise private finance into these projects? This close look at pipelines suggests that they can only be as robust as the investment-ready and bankable projects that constitute them, as effective as institutions that deliver them, and as ambitious as the objectives to which they are linked. Through a series of case studies, the report highlights that while governments and public institutions are already taking actions to develop robust pipelines in a range of country settings, these pipelines nevertheless need to be strengthened significantly to meet long-term climate mitigation objectives. Good practices pioneered by the countries and actors in the case studies can provide models for governments to adapt and bolster their own efforts.
  • 9-novembre-2018

    Français

    Les pays donateurs doivent réformer le financement du développement afin d’être à même d’honorer leurs engagements pour 2030

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, le financement extérieur à destination des pays pauvres est en baisse, en dépit de l’engagement souscrit il y a trois ans par la communauté internationale d’accroître les apports financiers à l’appui du développement, notamment sous la forme d’investissements privés.

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  • 22-octobre-2018

    Français

    L’utilisation de matières premières devrait doubler d’ici 2060, ce qui aura de graves répercussions sur l’environnement

    D’après un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, l’utilisation de matières premières devrait pratiquement doubler dans le monde d’ici à 2060, accompagnant l’expansion de l’économie mondiale et l’élévation des niveaux de vie, ce qui exercera sur l’environnement une pression deux fois plus forte qu’aujourd’hui.

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  • 18-October-2018

    English

    Energy Subsidy Reform in the Republic of Moldova - Energy Affordability, Fiscal and Environmental Impacts

    This report looks at the fiscal, environmental and social impacts of energy subsidy reform in Moldova with a particular focus on energy affordability. Reduced value added tax (VAT) rate on natural gas consumption and a VAT exemption on electricity and heat consumption by domestic users represent the largest fossil-fuel consumer subsidies in Moldova. Reforming these will imply an increase of the VAT rate, which will lead to an increase of gas, electricity and heat tariffs for households, and will in turn affect household consumption levels, related expenditures and energy affordability. If reform measures are to work, they will need to be accompanied by a carefully-designed social policy to protect poor households.
  • 25-septembre-2018

    Français

    Devant la montée des risques, les gouvernements doivent tenir leurs engagements climatiques

    Trois ans après la prise d’engagements à la COP21, à Paris, l’écrasante majorité des pays n’a pas adopté les mesures qui s’imposent pour contenir la montée des risques climatiques. Alors que les émissions sont reparties à la hausse, les gouvernements des pays de l’OCDE doivent réellement passer à l’acte pour placer leurs économies sur une trajectoire bas-carbone et cesser d’investir dans des infrastructures émettrices de carbone.

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  • 16-juillet-2018

    Français

    L’économie tchèque est florissante, mais il est vital de donner un coup de pouce aux niveaux de qualification et de productivité, amorcer la transition vers un modèle productif a faible émission de carbone pour une croissance durable et inclusive

    L’économie tchèque est florissante, affichant des taux d’emploi solides, des exportations en hausse et une dette publique en repli. Selon deux nouveaux rapports de l’OCDE, les efforts doivent désormais porter en priorité sur l’amélioration des compétences et l’innovation pour accroître l’offre de main-d’œuvre et la productivité, réduire d’avantage la pauvreté et les inégalités, et verdir l’économie.

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  • 10-July-2018

    English

    Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Sustainable Development

    The need to mainstream biodiversity into economic growth and development is being increasingly recognised and is now also firmly embedded in the Sustainable Development Goals. Drawing on experiences and insights from 16 predominantly megadiverse countries, this report examines how biodiversity is being mainstreamed in four key areas: 1) at the national level, including national development plans and other strategies, institutional co-ordination and national budgets; 2) the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors; 3) in development co-operation; and 4) the monitoring and evaluation of biodiversity mainstreaming and how this could be improved.
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