Despite its importance, regular measurement of the value of natural resources at national level is still in its infancy and often disconnected from valuation approaches for other assets.
This report explores this question on the basis of detailed mobility data including origin, destination and timing of all trips for a mid-sized European city. ITF developed a model to test various alternative transport system configurations that would provide the same level of mobility (locations and timing) as today.
This report summarises the current situation in fisheries and aquaculture, observing that in many parts of the world these sectors are at risk and do not reach their full potential.
This report summarises the current situation in fisheries and aquaculture, observing that in many parts of the world these sectors are at risk and do not reach their full potential. However, the prospects for sustained growth are good if reforms along the lines suggested by the OECD Green Growth Strategy are undertaken. The report emphasises the need for a strong, science-based approach to stock management for resource sustainability, combined with a transparent and reactive policy development cycle to ensure that fisheries deliver maximum possible benefits. The report shows that improved regulation to deal with environmental externalities and space competition is key to unlocking future growth potential of aquaculture.
Consumers only occasionally choose to buy sustainable products. At the same time these consumers say in surveys that sustainability is important to them, and that the government should promote sustainable consumption. This study takes a closer look at public support for sustainable consumption and the associated dilemmas, with the help of a behavioural economics experiment of group decisions.
From oceans and vast rivers to the spring in the garden, we must safeguard our water as a source of well-being, prosperity and progress.
The world has made good progress in improving global livelihoods. More than two billion people have emerged from extreme poverty over the last four decades. Other notable improvements include real increases in wages for unskilled workers, better life expectancy, greater gender equality and more widespread literacy. However, a number of daunting challenges threaten to undo this progress, particularly on the demographic and environmental fronts. While outlining the status of livelihoods today, this fascinating report enumerates the main emerging trends which will have a significant impact on livelihoods in the near future. It looks at a whole range of issues: economy, technology, demography, environment, security and governance. This book presents five possible future scenarios for livelihoods, whose positive or negative outcomes depend on how several emerging challenges are dealt with. It concludes with ideas for global, national and local action that hold significant promise for securing resilient livelihoods for all.
Knowledge sharing is critical in fostering urban green growth. Cities in dynamic Asia urgently need to adopt and strengthen green growth models that take into account rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, and motorisation.
Une partie intégrante de toute stratégie de croissance verte est un ensemble très fiable d'outils de mesure et d'indicateurs qui permettraient aux décideurs d'évaluer l'efficacité des politiques, et de mesurer les progrès réalisés dans l'activité économique se déplaçant sur la voie verte. Ces outils et indicateurs, qui devront être fondés sur des données comparables au niveau international, doivent également être intégrés dans un cadre conceptuel et sélectionnés selon un ensemble clairement spécifié de critères.
Ce rapport est une première étape vers l'élaboration d'un cadre pour suivre les progrès sur la croissance verte dans le secteur agricole dans les pays de l'OCDE. L'objectif est d'identifier les statistiques pertinentes, concises et mesurables pour mettre en œuvre le Cadre qui fournit une base commune pour élaborer de nouveaux indicateurs de croissance verte dans le secteur agricole dans les pays de l'OCDE.
This expert meeting focused on promoting a better environmental performance of SMEs in the six partner countries of EaP GREEN programme (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine). It was held on 12 February 2015 in Kiev, Ukraine.