The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.
The objectives of the meeting held on 5-6 June was to review the design and implementation of environmentally related credit lines supported by international financial institutions (IFIs) and donors which were disbursed through local commercial banks in EaP countries. The outcomes of the meeting would help governments in the region improve the policy- and regulatory environment for green lending.
The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.
Les Perspectives des transports du FIT présentent une analyse des scénarios possibles à long terme ainsi que des statistiques sur les tendances récemment observées dans le domaine des transports. On y recense les déterminants des évolutions passées et ceux des tendances envisageables pour l’avenir, et étudie leur intérêt pour l’élaboration des politiques. De même, on expose les facteurs susceptibles de tirer à la baisse ou à la hausse l’offre et la demande de services de transport et analyse leur incidence potentielle.
La présente édition porte sur les scénarios d’évolution des volumes de transport à l’échelle mondiale à l’horizon 2050. L’analyse présentée met en évidence l’incidence qu’aurait chacun de ces scénarios sur la croissance mondiale des flux de fret et de voyageurs, ainsi que les conséquences que l’urbanisation rapide observée hors de la zone OCDE devrait avoir sur l’ensemble des volumes de transport et des émissions de CO2. Elle est complétée par une étude de cas sur les transports urbains en Amérique latine, qui passe en revue les caractéristiques du développement urbain et leurs effets à long terme sur la mobilité urbaine, la répartition modale et les émissions de CO2 dans le monde en développement.
Les 34 pays membres de l'OCDE ont affirmé aujourd'hui leur détermination commune à trouver un accord pour lutter contre le changement climatique à l’occasion des pourparlers de la COP 21 à Paris en 2015. La Colombie et la Lettonie, candidats à l’adhésion à l'OCDE, ont également soutenu la déclaration conjointe lors de la Réunion ministérielle annuelle du Conseil de l'OCDE.
This edition of Better Policies for Development focuses on illicit financial flows and their detrimental effects on development and growth. Every year, huge sums of money are transferred out of developing countries illegally. The numbers are disputed, but illicit financial flows are often cited as outstripping official development aid and inward investment. These flows strip resources from developing countries that could be used to finance much-needed public services, such as health care and education.
This report defines policy coherence for development as a global tool for creating enabling environments for development in a post-2015 context. It shows that coherent policies in OECD countries in areas such as tax evasion, anti-bribery and money laundering can contribute to reducing illicit financial flows from developing countries. It also provides an update on OECD efforts to develop a monitoring matrix for policy coherence for development, based upon existing OECD indicators of ‘policy effort’. The report also includes contributions from member states. Most illustrate national processes to deal with policy coherence for development beyond 2015.
Climate-related disasters have inflicted increasingly high losses on developing countries, and with climate change, these losses are likely to worsen. Improving country resilience against climate risks is therefore vital for achieving poverty reduction and economic development goals.
This report discusses the current state of knowledge on how to build climate resilience in developing countries. It argues that climate-resilient development requires moving beyond the climate-proofing of existing development pathways, to consider economic development objectives and resilience priorities in parallel. Achieving this will require political vision and a clear understanding of the relation between climate and development, as well as an adapted institutional set-up, financing arrangements, and progress monitoring and evaluation. The report also discusses two priorities for climate-resilient development: disaster risk management and the involvement of the private sector.
The report builds on a growing volume of country experiences on building climate resilience into national development planning. Two country case studies, Ethiopia and Colombia, are discussed in detail.
Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.
LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.
Green skills, that is, skills needed in a low-carbon economy, will be required in all sectors and at all levels in the workforce as emerging economic activities create new (or renewed) occupations. Structural changes will realign sectors that are likely to decline as a result of the greening of the economy and workers will need to be retrained accordingly. The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This report suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.