This major report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy.
The International Tax Dialogue (ITD) is organising its 6th global conference at the OECD. This year’s conference will focus on Tax and the Environment, an issue of growing importance and of direct relevance in the lead up to the COP21 meeting taking place later in the year. The ITD is a joint initiative of the EC, IDB, IMF, OECD, World Bank and CIAT.
« Ni les économistes, ni les participants au marché, ni même les gouvernements n’avaient prévu une crise financière du type et de l’ampleur de celle que nous connaissons aujourd’hui. L’effondrement de la confiance et le gel du crédit consécutifs à la faillite de Lehman Brothers ont été un choc. »
Les gouvernements n’ont pas suffisamment recours à la fiscalité pour réduire les conséquences environnementaux de la consommation d’énergie
Les discussions internationales en cours en 2015 nous donnent une occasion unique et exceptionnelle de rédiger une « Grande Charte pour la Terre ».
According to the "OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: The Consequences of Inaction", global water demand is projected to increase by 55% between 2000 and 2050, and tensions could increase as domestic users, manufacturing, electricity generation and other economic sectors compete with agriculture for access to resources. By 2050, over 40% of the global population are likely to be living in river basins under severe water stress.
On 11 June 2015, high-level officials from the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region and the representatives of the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) visited the OECD to learn more about the Organisation’s work on environment and green growth.
Most of us would agree that clean energy is a worthwhile goal, and the world has invested more than $2 trillion on renewable-energy plants in the past decade. But are we doing enough?
The perceived potential of clean energy to support employment in the post-crisis recovery context has led several OECD and emerging economies to design green industrial policies aimed at protecting domestic manufacturers, notably through local-content requirements (LCRs). These typically require solar or wind developers to source a specific share of jobs, components or costs locally. Such requirements have been designed or implemented in the solar- and wind-energy sectors in at least 21 countries, including 16 OECD countries and emerging economies, mostly since 2009.
Empirical evidence gathered in this report shows however that LCRs have actually hindered international investment across the solar PV and wind-energy value chains, by increasing the cost of inputs for downstream activities. This report also takes stock of other measures that can restrict international investment in solar PV and wind energy, such as trade remedies and technical barriers. This report provides policy makers with evidence-based analysis to guide their decisions in designing clean-energy support policies.
The 2011 Green Growth Strategy provided initial guidance to governments on how to achieve economic growth and development, while preventing costly environmental damage and inefficient resource use. What progress have countries made in aligning economic and environmental priorities since 2011?