Russie, Fédération de


  • 15-November-2016

    English

    Improving Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in the Republic of Buryatia (Lake Baikal Basin)

    A major challenge facing the Republic of Buryatia, subject of the Russian Federation, is how to balance the task of protecting Lake Baikal – a unique water object and ecological system included in the UNESCO list of World Natural Heritage Areas – with the need for dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development of the republic.  This requires streamlining and improving water policy jointly with economic, administrative, information and other policy instruments. The recommendations in this report aim to help achieve this objective. They include the introduction of abstraction charges for irrigation water as a  natural resource; enhancement of state support to the water sector; and improvement of economic instruments for managing risks of water-related hazards (such as compulsory insurance and differentiated land tax rates in flood prone areas). A few innovative instruments are also recommended for pilot testing such as establishing limits for discharges of certain hazardous substances in a pilot area (e.g. Selenga river basin) and progressive development of market for tradable quotas for discharges of the “capped” pollutants; and introducing a charge (tax) on toxic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, etc.) and synthetic detergents so that to create incentives for the reduction of diffuse water pollution.

  • 26-septembre-2016

    Français

    La tarification du carbone n’est pas à la hauteur des enjeux, mais un effort collectif même modeste peut entraîner des avancées significatives

    Les prix du carbone actuels ne sont pas au niveau qui devrait être le leur pour faire baisser les émissions de gaz à effet de serre responsables du changement climatique. Pourtant, même des hausses de prix modérées pourraient avoir un impact notable, comme le souligne une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.

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  • 3-July-2012

    English

    Capacity building seminar: Strategic approaches to demographic change in Russia, Eastern Europe and OECD countries (Trento, Italy)

    The seminar was targeted at national, regional and local practitioners who dealt with anticipating and managing demographic changes in Russia and Eastern European countries and wanted to interchange experiences and approaches with other experts from OECD countries.

  • 19-mai-2009

    Français

    Faire respecter les normes environnementales : Tendances et bonnes pratiques

    En dépit des progrès accomplis ces dernières années, certains des principaux objectifs environnementaux des pays de l’OCDE ne sont pas en voie d’être atteints. Ces difficultés s’expliquent notamment par un respect insuffisant des obligations réglementaires.

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