This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
Ce rapport décrit les caractéristiques de cette taxe, ses intéractions avec le rééquilibrage budgétaire et les obligations de prélèvements fiscaux, examine ses conséquences pour la compétitivité et le transfert d’émissions de carbone, son efficacité environnementale, et tire des conclusions sur les raisons qui ont poussé l’Irlande à faire ce choix.
The IEA's 2012 review of Ireland's energy policies and programmes finds that Ireland has suffered a significant economic downturn, but remains committed to its ambitious energy targets to bring the country towards a low-carbon economy. Ireland’s location at the edge of the Atlantic Ocean ensures one of the best wind and ocean resources in Europe, and Ireland has set the ambitious target of producing 40% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020.
Ireland is highly dependent on imported oil and gas. While the push to develop renewable energies is commendable, this will result in an increased reliance on natural gas, as gas-fired power plants will be required to provide flexibility in electricity supply when wind power is unavailable. With two-thirds of Ireland’s electricity already coming from gas-fired generation, this poses concerns with regard to gas security, particularly as 93% of its gas supplies come from a single transit point in Scotland. In order to meet Ireland’s ambitious renewable targets and improve the island’s level of energy security, the country must successfully develop a range of gas and electricity infrastructure projects and market solutions while continuing to integrate its energy markets with regional neighbours.
Ireland also has a pro-active energy efficiency policy, including a detailed National Energy Efficiency Action Plan outlining 90 measures and actions to be implemented in order to achieve the target of 20% energy savings in 2020.This review analyses the energy-policy challenges currently facing Ireland, and provides sectoral studies and recommendations for the further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
Since the last OECD environmental performance review of Ireland in 2000, environmental policies have been improved, environmental institutions strengthened, and significant investments made in environmentally-related infrastructure. However, important challenges remain, such as strengthening efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and ensuring a better financial viability of water use, warned the OECD Secretary-General.
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La performance environnementale de l'agriculture dans les pays de l'OCDE depuis 1990 : Irlande
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Links to sites from Ireland on agri-environmental indicators.
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L'inventaire national de l'Irlande en ce qui concerne les subventions au secteur de la pêche et développement durable en 2005.
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Information on the administration, legal framework and other aspects of fisheries management in Ireland.