Best Practice Roundtables on Competition Policy


The OECD Competition Committee promotes re‌gular exchanges of views and analysis on competition policy issues. The proceedings from these discussions, including submissions from countries and invited experts, are published within the Best Practice Roundtables on Competition Policy series. 

Latest and forthcoming discussions


June 2018

Consumer-facing remedies

Non-price effects of mergers


December 2017

Focus on small agencies and those in developing economies: Overcoming adversity and attaining success

Judicial perspectives on competition law

Are competition and democracy symbiotic?

Extraterritorial reach of competition remedies

Co-operation between Competition Agencies and Regulators in the Financial Sector:
10 years on from the Financial Crisis

Common ownership by institutional investors and its impact on competition

Safe harbours and legal presumptions in competition law



OECD Competition Committee week - Dec 2017

Access by topic

Abuse of dominance



Regulated sectors


‌‌‌Pro-competitive policy reforms  


Access by year

2017 2016  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006  2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998  1997  1996  1995



Radical Innovation in the Electricity Sector 

Market studies methodologies for competition authorities

Competition issues in aftermarkets 

Rethinking the use of traditional antitrust enforcement tools in multi-sided markets

Algorithms and collusion 



Competition and innovation in land transport

Geographic market definition across national borders 

Agency decision-making in merger cases: Prohibition and conditional clearances

Price discrimination

Big Data: Bringing competition policy to the digital era

Promoting competition; Protecting human rights

The role of market studies as a tool to promote competition

Independence of competition authorities - From designs to practices

Sanctions in antitrust cases

Disruptive innovations in legal services

Public interest considerations in merger control

Jurisdictional nexus in merger control regimes

Fidelity rebates

Commitment Decisions in Antitrust Cases



Competition and cross platform parity agreements

Competition and disruptive innovation in financial markets

Cartels involving intermediate goods

Does competition kill or create jobs? The links and drivers between competition and employment

The impact of disruptive innovations on competition law enforcement

Serial offenders: Why do some industries seem prone to endemic collusion?

Competitive Neutrality

Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities

Disruptive Innovations

Liner Shipping

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions

Oligopoly Markets

Public and Private Antitrust Enforcement in Competition



Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities

Intellectual Property and Standard Settings

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions

Competition and the use of markers in leniency programmes

Enhanced Enforcement Co-operation

OECD inventory of international co-operation agreements on competition

Financing of the Roll-out of Broadband Networks

Competition in Public-Private Partnerships

Generic pharmaceuticals and competition

Airline Competition

Competition Issues in the Distribution of Pharmaceuticals

Fighting Corruption and Promoting Competition

Competition in Financial Consumer Protection

Investigations of Consummated and Non-notifiable Mergers

Evaluation of Competitive Impacts of Government Interventions



Competition issues in Waste Management

Competition and macroeconomic outcomes factsheet 

Ex officio cartel Investigation and the Use of Screens to Detect Cartels 

Competition issues in the Food Chain Industry

Remedies in Cross-border Merger Cases 

Definition of Transaction for the Purpose of Merger Control Review

Recent Developments in Rail Transportation Services

Competition in Road Fuel

Role and Measurement of Quality in Competition Analysis

Competition Issues in Television and Broadcasting

Competition and Poverty Reduction

Vertical Restraints for On-line Sales

Methods for Allocating Contracts for the Provision of Regional and Local Transportation Services



Competition and Behavioural Economics

Competition and Payment Systems

Leniency for Subsequent Applicants

The Role of Efficiency Claims in Antitrust Proceedings

The Digital Economy

Competition and Commodity Price Volatility

Market Definition

Unilateral Disclosure of Information with Anticompetitive Effects

Improving International Co-operation in Cartel Investigations

Competition in Hospital Services



Quantification of Harm to Competition by National Courts and Competition Agencies

Impact Evaluation of Merger Decisions

Promoting Compliance with Competition Law

Procedural Fairness: Competition Authorities, Courts
and Recent Developments

Economic Evidence in Merger Analysis

Remedies in Merger Cases

Cross-Border Merger Control: Challenges for Developing and Emerging Economies

Excessive Prices

Competition in Ports and Port Services

The Regulated Conduct Defence 

Crisis Cartels 



Horizontal Agreements in the Environmental Context

Information Exchanges between Competitors under Competition Law

Pro-active Policies for Green Growth and the Market Economy

Arbitration and Competition

Emission Permits and Competition

Standard Setting

Competition and Credit Rating Agencies

Exit Strategies 

Procedural Fairness: Issues in Civil and Administrative Enforcement Proceedings 

Procedural Fairness: Issues in Civil and Administrative Enforcement Proceedings

Competition and Corporate Governance

Electricity: Renewables and Smart Grids 

Competition, Concentration and Stability in the Banking Sector 

Competition, State Aids and Subsidies

Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement 



State-Owned Enterprises and the Principle of Competitive Neutrality 

Generic Pharmaceuticals 

Margin Squeeze 

The Failing Firm Defence

Standard for Merger Review

Competition, Patents and Innovation II

Competition Policy, Industrial Policy and National Champions

Competition Policy and the Informal Economy

Two-Sided Markets

Competition and Regulation in Auditing and Related Professions 

Competition and Financial Markets 



Monopsony and Buyer Power 

Experience with Direct Settlements in Cartel Cases 

Resale Price Maintenance 

Competition Policy for Vertical Relations in Gasoline Retailing 

Presenting Complex Economic Theories to Judges 

Fidelity and Bundled Rebates and Discounts 

Minority Shareholdings and Interlocking Directorates 

Construction Industry 

Land Use Restrictions as Barriers to Entry 

Market Studies 

The Interface between Competition and Consumer Policies 



Refusals to Deal

Managing Complex Mergers

Trade Associations

Taxi Services Regulation and Competition

Facilitating Practices in Oligopolies 

Guidance to Business on Monopolisation and Abuse of Dominance 

Dynamic Efficiencies in Merger Analysis 

Competitive Restrictions in Legal Professions 

Energy Security and Competition Policy 

Public Procurement - The Role of Competition Authorities in Promoting Competition 

Vertical Mergers

Improving Competition in Real Estate Transactions



Evidentiary Issues in Proving Dominance

Plea Bargaining/Settlement of Cartel Cases

Competition, Patents and Innovation 

Private Remedies 

Competition and Regulation in Retail Banking 

Competition and Efficient Usage of Payment Cards 

Competition in Bidding Markets 

Remedies and Sanctions in Abuse of Dominance Cases 


Environmental Regulation and Competition 

Access to Key Transport Facilities 

Prosecuting Cartels Without Direct Evidence of Agreement 



Competition in the Provision of Hospital Services

The Impact of Substitute Services on Regulation

Barriers to Entry 

Resale Below Cost Laws and Regulations 

Structural Reform in the Rail Industry 

Evaluation of the Actions and Resources of Competition Authorities

Competition on the Merits



Competition and Regulation in Agriculture: Monopsony Buying and Joint Selling 

Predatory Foreclosure

Enhancing Beneficial Competititon in the Health Professions 

Intellectual Property Rights 

Regulating Market Activities by Public Sector 

Competition and Regulation in the Water Sector 



Cartels: Sanctions Against Individuals 

Merger Remedies 

Universal Service Obligations 

Media Mergers 



Competition Issues in the Electricity Sector 

Substantive Criteria Used for the Assessment of Mergers 

Communication by Competition Authorities 

Loyalty and Fidelity Discounts and Rebates 

Merger Review in Emerging High Innovation Markets 



Competition and Regulation Issues in Telecommunications 

Portfolio Effects in Conglomerate Mergers 

Competition Policy in Subsidies and State Aid 

Price Transparency 



Competition Issues in Road Transport 

Competition in the Pharmaceutical Industry 

Competition Issues in Electronic Commerce 

Competition Issues in Joint Ventures 

Promoting Competition in the Natural Gas Industry 

Mergers in Financial Services 



Competition in Local Services: Solid Waste Management 

Competition in Professional Services 

Airline Mergers and Alliances 


Promoting Competition in Postal Services 



Buying Power of Multiproduct Retailers 

Relations between Regulators and Competition Authorities 

Competition Policy and Procurement Markets 

Competition and Regulation in Broadcasting in the Light of Convergence 

Competition and Related Regulation Issues in the Insurance Industry 

Enhancing the Role of Competition in the Regulation of Banks 



Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights 

Competition Policy and International Airport Services 

Railways: Structure, Regulation and Competition Policy 

Resale Price Maintenance 



Judicial Enforcement of Competition Law 

Application of Competition Policy to the Electricity Sector 

Competition Issues related to Sports 

General Cartel Bans: Criteria for Exemption for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises 

Application of Competition Policy to High Tech Markets 

Abuse of Dominance and Monopolisation 

The Essential Facilities Concept 



The Reform of International Satellite Organisations 

Competition in Telecommunications 

Developments in Telecommunications: An Update (1997)

Developments in Telecommunications: Australia 

Developments in Telecommunications: Italy 

Developments in Telecommunications: Poland 

Efficiency Claims in Mergers and Other Horizontal Agreements 

Competition Policy and Film Distribution 

Failing Firm Defence 

Competition Policy and Environment





Algorithms and competition: Friends or foes?, Aug 2017

New energy in the electricity sector, May 2017

The end of the bargain? And should we worry?, Nov 2016

Disruptive innovation in legal services - promising for consumers and challenging for regulators, June 2016

Disruptive innovation in Latin America and the Caribbean, April 2016


Digital Economy, Innovation and Competition

Market Studies and Competition

Evaluation of Competition Interventions

International co-operation in competition 

Competitive Neutrality



Algorithms and collusion: Competition policy in the digital age

A Step ahead: Competition policy for shared prosperity and inclusive growth

The resolution of competition cases by specialised and generalist courts: Stocktaking of international experiences 

In the framework of a project with the Mexican Ministry of Economy, this report provides an overview of international experiences and best practices regarding the role of courts in the implementation of competition policy. Access the report - Acceda al informe

Market examinations in Mexico: A Manual by the OECD Secretariat

In the framework of a project with the Mexican Ministry of Economy, this document explains what market examinations are as well as their purposes, intended outcomes and substantive content. Access the manual - Acceda el manual


Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement: Report on implementing the 2012 OECD recommendation

This report shows how competition and public procurement agencies have been using the 2012 Recommendation to raise awareness of bid rigging risks and develop tools to prevent and detect bid rigging in public procurement. Read the report: English - Français


Reference guide on ex-post evaluation of competition agencies’ enforcement decisions

This reference guide presents an in-depth overview of all the issues linked to ex-post assessments. It contains numerous examples and references. It is a great tool for agencies who want to start performing such evaluations and for those who would like to improve the quality of evaluations they already make. More about the rerence guide


Competition and market studies in Latin America

Competition and Market Studies in Latin America: The case of Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama and Peru

This report outlines the current status of market studies in six Latin American countries, describes good practices, identifies areas for improvement and provides recommendations on how to make better use of this competition tool. Access the report

Challenges on International Co-operation in Competition Law Enforcement

Report provides evidence on the complexity of international cooperation in competition law enforcement. Access the report


Factsheet on competition and macroeconomic outcomes

To help competition agencies advocate their work, this factsheet summarises evidence on the links between competition and macroeconomic outcomes, such as productivity, growth, innovation and employment.
Read more 


Guide on competition impact assessment

This guide provides a simple and easy methodology for determining the likely benefits that consumers will derive from competition agencies’ decisions and suggestions on how to present the results of the assessment to ensure that they are correctly interpreted. Read more


Access Discussion papers on current areas of work.


Competition and Knowledge-based capital (2013)

Procedural Fairness and Transparency (2012)

Competition and Procurement (2011)

Competition Issues in the Financial Sector (2011)

Competition Enforcement
and International Co-operation

Evaluation of Competition Interventions
OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit
‌Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement
Calendar of Competition Events

Competition Global Relations

 Read more about the OECD regional centres and competition forums 




Best practice roundtables
Country reviews
Global Forum on Competition
Latin American & Caribbean Competition Forum
Reports by competition agencies
Reports by the Competition Committee


About global relations
Hungary centre for competition
Korean centre for competition


OECD Recommendations on competition
Best practices on information exchange
Competition assessment toolkit
Factsheet on competition and macroeconomic outcomes
Guidelines for fighting bid rigging
Guide for helping authorities assess the impact of their activities
Guiding principles for regulatory quality and performance
Inventory of MOUs between competition agencies
Inventory of international co-operation agreements on competition
Reference guide on ex-post evaluation of enforcement decisions

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