Réformes pro-concurrentielles

Find

Focus

Recent roundtable releases include: Ex officio Cartel Investigations, Food Chain Industry and Waste Management Services. See also all other best practice roundtable discussions.
Lire plus

Targeting the tourism, retail trade, food processing and construction materials sectors, this report identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions.
Read more

16-17 September 2014, Uruguay: Discussions will focus on Electricity markets in Latin America, Advocacy and Costa Rica's Competition Regime.
Read more

Governments should consider competition, and its potential benefits, across the whole range of their policies.  Establishing a framework of competition law and liberalising sectors is important, but so is assessing the competitive effects of regulations and government intervention in other policy areas.

Why should governments assess policies?

All types of government policies can affect market competition, for good or bad.  Governments should ensure that social or other policies that are not intended to damage market competition do not do so unnecessarily or by accident.  For example, if policies to enforce product standards or to ensure provision of essential goods, are badly designed, they might cause higher prices or worsen the quality of services for consumers. 

In some instances, policies restricting competition are the result of businesses lobbying to avoid competition, in other cases they may simply be the result of insufficient assessment being carried out at the policy design stage.  In many cases, alternative approaches can be found to achieve the policy’s purpose, while avoiding unnecessary restrictions of competition.

Competition can also be used to make policy more effective.  Many governments have discovered that they can use markets for more efficient policy delivery – for example, by establishing markets in pollution rights, to meet environmental targets at least cost.

Pro-competitive policies and the OECD

The OECD takes account of competition across the range of its policy advice and encourages governments to assess their own policies for opportunities to enhance competition.  The Competition Committee and its working parties have published several best practice roundtables on pro-competitive policy reform.  The OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit provides a framework for assessing policies’ competitive effect.

In addition, the OECD provides it for governments’ own use through OECD capacity building events and on occasion through direct assistance with implementation.



For further information on the OECD work related to pro-competitive policy reforms, please contact us at DAFCOMPContact@oecd.org.

   

Competition Assessment Toolkit

The OECD Competition assessment toolkit was designed to help governments eliminate barriers to competition through a method that identifies unnecessary restraints on market activities and develops alternative, less restrictive measures that still achieve government policy objectives. More...


BEST PRACTICE ROUNDTABLES ON COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY

Latest discussions on pro-competitive policy reforms

Competition in Public-Private Partnerships, Hearing 2014

Fighting Corruption and Promoting Competition, Global Forum on Competition 2014

Competition and Poverty Reduction, 2013

Methods for Allocating Contracts for the Provision of Regional and Local Transportation Services, 2013

Competition and Commodity Price Volatility, 2012

List of all best practice roundtables available on pro-competitive policy reforms

 

See also:

OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment

Country reports on competiiton policy and regulatory reform

Competitive Neutrality: Maintaining a level playing field between public and private business

Evaluation of competitive impacts of government interventions

Permanent URL: www.oecd.org/competition/pro-competitivepolicyreforms

» Competition Home Page

 

Topics Key materials, Tools & Guidance Global Relations
Abuse of dominance & monopolisation International co-operation

Best practice roundtables

Calendar of activities

Competition assessment toolkit

Country reports & peer reviews

Fighting bid rigging in public procurement 

Recommendations

Reports by the Competition Committee

Reports by competition agencies

Work in progress

About global relations

Hungary centre

Korea centre

Global Forum on Competition

Latin American Competition Forum 

Cartels & anti-competitive agreements Liberalisation & intervention in regulated sectors
Enforcement practices Mergers
Evaluation of competition interventions     Pro-competitive policy reforms

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Afrique du Sud
  • Albanie
  • Algérie
  • Allemagne
  • Andorre
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua-et-Barbuda
  • Antilles Néerlandaises
  • Arabie Saoudite
  • Argentine
  • Arménie
  • Aruba
  • Australie
  • Autorité Nationale Palestinienne
  • Autriche
  • Azerbaïdjan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahreïn
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbade
  • Belgique
  • Belize
  • Bermudes
  • Bhoutan
  • Bolivie
  • Bosnie-Herzégovine
  • Botswana
  • Brunéi Darussalam
  • Brésil
  • Bulgarie
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Bélarus
  • Bénin
  • Cambodge
  • Cameroun
  • Canada
  • Cap-Vert
  • Caïmanes, Îles
  • Centrafricaine, République
  • Chili
  • Chine (République populaire de)
  • Chypre
  • Colombie
  • Comores
  • Congo, La République Démocratique du
  • Corée
  • Corée, République Populaire Démocratique de
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatie
  • Cuba
  • Côte D'ivoire
  • Danemark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominicaine, République
  • Dominique
  • Egypte
  • El Salvador
  • Emirats Arabes Unis
  • Equateur
  • Erythrée
  • Espagne
  • Estonie
  • Etats Fédérés de Micronésie
  • Etats-Unis
  • Ethiopie
  • ex-République yougouslave de Macédoine (ERYM)
  • Fidji
  • Finlande
  • France
  • Gabon
  • Gambie
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Grenade
  • Groenland
  • Grèce
  • Guatemala
  • Guernesey
  • Guinée Équatoriale
  • Guinée-Bissau
  • Guinéee
  • Guyana
  • Guyane Française
  • Géorgie
  • Haïti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, Chine
  • Hongrie
  • Ile de Man
  • Ile Maurice
  • Iles Cook
  • Iles Féroé
  • Iles Marshall
  • Iles Vierges Britanniques
  • Iles Vierges des États-Unis
  • Inde
  • Indonésie
  • Iraq
  • Irlande
  • Islande
  • Israël
  • Italie
  • Jamaïque
  • Japon
  • Jersey
  • Jordanie
  • Kazakstan
  • Kenya
  • Kirghizistan
  • Kiribati
  • Koweït
  • l'Union européenne
  • Lao, République Démocratique Populaire
  • le Taipei chinois
  • Lesotho
  • Lettonie
  • Liban
  • Libye
  • Libéria
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lituanie
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao
  • Madagascar
  • Malaisie
  • Malawi
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malte
  • Maroc
  • Mauritanie
  • Mayotte
  • Mexique
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolie
  • Montserrat
  • Monténégro
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibie
  • Nauru
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigéria
  • Nioué
  • Norvège
  • Nouvelle-Zélande
  • Népal
  • Oman
  • Ouganda
  • Ouzbékistan
  • Pakistan
  • Palaos
  • Panama
  • Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée
  • Paraguay
  • Pays-Bas
  • Philippines
  • Pologne
  • Porto Rico
  • Portugal
  • Pérou
  • Qatar
  • Roumanie
  • Royaume-Uni
  • Russie, Fédération de
  • Rwanda
  • République du Congo
  • République Islamique d' Iran
  • République Tchèque
  • Sahara Occidental
  • Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis
  • Saint-Marin
  • Saint-Vincent-et-les Grenadines
  • Sainte-Hélène
  • Sainte-Lucie
  • Salomon, Îles
  • Samoa
  • Sao Tomé-et-Principe
  • Serbie
  • Serbie et Monténégro (avant juin 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapour
  • Slovaquie
  • Slovénie
  • Somalie
  • Soudan
  • Soudan du Sud
  • Sri Lanka
  • Suisse
  • Suriname
  • Suède
  • Swaziland
  • Syrienne, République Arabe
  • Sénégal
  • Tadjikistan
  • Tanzanie
  • Tchad
  • Thaïlande
  • Timor-Leste (Timor Oriental)
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinité-et-Tobago
  • Tunisie
  • Turkménistan
  • Turks et Caïques, Îles
  • Turquie
  • Tuvalu
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Viêt Nam
  • Wallis et Futuna
  • Yémen
  • Zambie
  • Zimbabwe