Reports


  • 12-décembre-2016

    Français

    Perspectives du développement mondial 2017 - Les migrations dans un monde en mutation (Version abrégée)

    Le basculement de l’activité économique vers les pays en développement a-t-il conduit à un accroissement des migrations internationales vers ces pays ? C’est une des questions auxquelles répond cette édition des Perspectives du développement mondial. Le rapport s’appuie sur les données les plus récentes concernant les migrations internationales entre 1995 et 2015. Il offre une nouvelle perspective sur les migrations en groupant les pays en fonction de leur croissance économique. Il décrit ainsi l’évolution globale récente des migrations internationales ainsi que les mouvements observés par groupe de pays. Le rapport explore les moteurs des migrations internationales et analyse le cas particulier des réfugiés. Les effets des politiques publiques (migratoires et sectorielles) sur les mouvements migratoires sont analysés aussi bien dans les pays d’origine que dans les pays de destination. Le rapport présente quatre scénarios illustrant l’évolution possible des migrations à l’horizon 2030. Il formule des recommandations en matière de politiques publiques afin de maximiser les bénéfices liés aux migrations non seulement dans les pays d’origine et de destination mais également pour les migrants eux-mêmes. De meilleures données, de nouveaux travaux de recherche et des politiques fondées sur les faits sont indispensables pour mieux se préparer à l’afflux croissant de migrants issus de pays en développement qui s’annonce. Il faut faire plus pour éviter les situations qui débouchent sur l’afflux massif de réfugiés ainsi que pour stimuler un développement mondial durable.

    Cette version française est une version abrégée de la version originale de la publication, Perspectives on Global Development 2017: International Migration in a Shifting World. Elle inclut notamment l'éditorial, le résumé et le chapitre qui donne une vue d'ensemble du rapport.

  • 10-December-2016

    English

    Market Examinations in Mexico: A manual by the OECD Secretariat

    In the framework of an OECD project with the Mexican Ministry of Economy, this manual provides guidance on how to carry out an inquiry or examination into a particular market when there is a suspicion or indication that a market is not functioning well. It explains what market examinations are as well as their purposes, intended outcomes and substantive content.

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  • 8-December-2016

    English

    Achieving competitive neutrality

    Competitive neutrality means that state-owned and private businesses compete on a level playing field. This is essential for the effective use of resources within the economy and thus the achievement of growth and development. While the principle of competitive neutrality is gaining wide support around the world, obtaining it in practice is a much more difficult question.

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  • 8-December-2016

    English

    State-Owned Enterprises as Global Competitors - A Challenge or an Opportunity?

    An estimated 22% of the world’s largest firms are now effectively under state control, this is the highest percentage in decades. These firms are likely to remain a prominent feature of the global marketplace in the near future. The upsurge of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) as global competitors has given rise to concerns related to a level playing field.  Some business competitors and observers claim that preferential treatment granted by governments to SOEs in return for public policy obligations carried out at home can give SOEs a competitive edge in their foreign expansion. The OECD has taken a multidisciplinary approach, looking at the issue from the competition, investment, corporate governance and trade policy perspectives.  The report aims to sort fact from fiction, and develop a stronger understanding, based on empirical evidence, on how to address growing policy concerns with regard to SOE internationalisation. The report concludes that although there is no clear evidence of systematic abusive behaviour by SOE investors, frictions need to be addressed, in view of keeping the global economy open to trade and investment.

  • 6-December-2016

    English

    Unleashing private sector productivity in the United States

    In the United States, the most watched indicator of productivity (nonfarm business productivity growth) decelerated about ¾ percentage point from 2009 to 2014 relative to the preceding 5-year period.

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  • 30-November-2016

    English, PDF, 473kb

    Enhancing Economic Flexibility: What Is in It for Workers?

    This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.

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  • 30-November-2016

    English

    Enhancing Economic Flexibility: What Is in It for Workers?

    Reforms that boost growth by enhancing economic flexibility often meet strong opposition related to concerns that they may imply adverse consequences for categories of workers. This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.

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  • 28-November-2016

    English

    Competition and innovation in land transport

    The dynamics of competition in land transport are about to undergo significant changes. Increasing digitalisation is changing the way transport services are offered. In November 2016, the OECD held a roundtable to discuss future challenges and how these new developments are being handled by competition agencies.

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  • 9-November-2016

    English

    Colombia - Competition Law and Policy

    This page contains information on the work of the OECD and Colombia in the area of Competition Law and Policy.

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  • 7-November-2016

    Greek

    Έκθεση Αποτίμησης Ανταγωνισμού ΟΟΣΑ: Ελλάδα

    Οι ελληνικές κυβερνήσεις έχουν κάνει σημαντικά βήματα τα τελευταία χρόνια για την ενίσχυση της νομοθεσίας περί ανταγωνισμού. Χρησιμοποιώντας τον Οδηγό Αξιολόγησης Ανταγωνισμού του ΟΟΣΑ, τρεις εκθέσεις έχουν ήδη εντοπίσει προβληματικούς κανονισμούς σε επιλεγμένους τομείς και πολλές διατάξεις που θα μπορούσαν να τροποποιηθούν για την ενίσχυση του ανταγωνισμού. Δείτε τις εκθέσεις

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