Reports


  • 8-December-2016

    English

    State-Owned Enterprises as Global Competitors - A Challenge or an Opportunity?

    An estimated 22% of the world’s largest firms are now effectively under state control, this is the highest percentage in decades. These firms are likely to remain a prominent feature of the global marketplace in the near future. The upsurge of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) as global competitors has given rise to concerns related to a level playing field.  Some business competitors and observers claim that preferential treatment granted by governments to SOEs in return for public policy obligations carried out at home can give SOEs a competitive edge in their foreign expansion. The OECD has taken a multidisciplinary approach, looking at the issue from the competition, investment, corporate governance and trade policy perspectives.  The report aims to sort fact from fiction, and develop a stronger understanding, based on empirical evidence, on how to address growing policy concerns with regard to SOE internationalisation. The report concludes that although there is no clear evidence of systematic abusive behaviour by SOE investors, frictions need to be addressed, in view of keeping the global economy open to trade and investment.

  • 6-December-2016

    English

    Unleashing private sector productivity in the United States

    In the United States, the most watched indicator of productivity (nonfarm business productivity growth) decelerated about ¾ percentage point from 2009 to 2014 relative to the preceding 5-year period.

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  • 30-November-2016

    English, PDF, 473kb

    Enhancing Economic Flexibility: What Is in It for Workers?

    This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.

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  • 30-November-2016

    English

    Enhancing Economic Flexibility: What Is in It for Workers?

    Reforms that boost growth by enhancing economic flexibility often meet strong opposition related to concerns that they may imply adverse consequences for categories of workers. This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.

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  • 9-November-2016

    English

    Colombia - Competition Law and Policy

    This page contains information on the work of the OECD and Colombia in the area of Competition Law and Policy.

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  • 7-November-2016

    Greek

    Έκθεση Αποτίμησης Ανταγωνισμού ΟΟΣΑ: Ελλάδα

    Οι ελληνικές κυβερνήσεις έχουν κάνει σημαντικά βήματα τα τελευταία χρόνια για την ενίσχυση της νομοθεσίας περί ανταγωνισμού. Χρησιμοποιώντας τον Οδηγό Αξιολόγησης Ανταγωνισμού του ΟΟΣΑ, τρεις εκθέσεις έχουν ήδη εντοπίσει προβληματικούς κανονισμούς σε επιλεγμένους τομείς και πολλές διατάξεις που θα μπορούσαν να τροποποιηθούν για την ενίσχυση του ανταγωνισμού. Δείτε τις εκθέσεις

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  • 7-November-2016

    English

    Greece: Competition Assessment Project

    The Greek government and the OECD have worked together to assess the costs and benefits of regulations restricting competition in the tourism, retail trade, food processing and construction materials sectors and to propose specific recommendations for change.

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  • 4-November-2016

    English

    OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Greece

    The Greek authorities have taken important steps in recent years to reinforce competition law. Using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit three reports have already identified several problematic regulations in selected sectors and numerous provisions where changes could be made to foster competition. View the reports.

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  • 3-octobre-2016

    Français

    Des politiques meilleures au service de la croissance inclusive et de l'intégration économique dans la région MENA - Politiques meilleures

    La région MENA a enregistré dans les dix premières années du siècle des taux de croissance économique et d’investissement relativement élevés, même pendant la crise économique et financière mondiale. Ce dynamisme résulte en partie des importantes réformes mises en place par de nombreux gouvernements en faveur de l’ouverture économique, de la diversification, du développement du secteur privé et de la réforme des institutions. La participation de la Tunisie et de la Jordanie au Partenariat pour un gouvernement transparent, les investissements massifs effectués par le Maroc et l’Égypte dans les infrastructures pour améliorer la connectivité et la participation aux échanges mondiaux et les efforts de diversification économique des Émirats arabes unis témoignent de l’importance des possibilités de progrès de la région. Cependant, l’instabilité politique récente et les menaces qui pèsent sur la sécurité altèrent considérablement les perspectives de croissance économique. Les réformes ne sont pas parvenues à remédier aux problèmes structurels les plus profonds, comme la corruption, le chômage, les disparités de développement et l’inégalité des chances qui touche particulièrement les régions défavorisées, les femmes et les jeunes. Il faut trouver des solutions adaptées pour rétablir la stabilité et jeter les bases d’une économie plus ouverte et d’un modèle de développement plus inclusif. Malgré sa grande hétérogénéité, la région MENA présente sur le plan des évolutions économiques et institutionnelles d’importants points communs, qui confirment qu’il faut une action plus concertée pour exploiter l’immense potentiel de la région et assurer le succès de son intégration dans l’économie mondiale.

  • 27-September-2016

    English

    OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Ukraine 2016

    Ukraine’s post-Maidan authorities have embarked upon an ambitious reform programme to improve the country’s framework for investment and strengthen the country as an attractive investment destination. This review, which was prepared in close cooperation with the Ukrainian authorities in response to their 2011 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (OECD Declaration), analyses the general investment framework as well as recent reform, and shows where further efforts are necessary. It assesses Ukraine’s ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with international investment standards such as the OECD Declaration. In light of the recently updated OECD Policy Framework for Investment, it also studies other areas such as investment promotion and facilitation, infrastructure development; financial sector development and responsible business conduct practices. In the scarcely two years since a new attempt at economic reforms was launched in earnest, Ukraine has made quite important progress in introducing a modern legal framework for investment. But additional efforts are required in some policy areas to reaffirm Ukraine’s attractiveness for investors.
     

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