An estimated 22% of the world’s largest firms are now effectively under state control, this is the highest percentage in decades. These firms are likely to remain a prominent feature of the global marketplace in the near future. The upsurge of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) as global competitors has given rise to concerns related to a level playing field. Some business competitors and observers claim that preferential treatment granted by governments to SOEs in return for public policy obligations carried out at home can give SOEs a competitive edge in their foreign expansion. The OECD has taken a multidisciplinary approach, looking at the issue from the competition, investment, corporate governance and trade policy perspectives. The report aims to sort fact from fiction, and develop a stronger understanding, based on empirical evidence, on how to address growing policy concerns with regard to SOE internationalisation. The report concludes that although there is no clear evidence of systematic abusive behaviour by SOE investors, frictions need to be addressed, in view of keeping the global economy open to trade and investment.
English, PDF, 473kb
This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
Reforms that boost growth by enhancing economic flexibility often meet strong opposition related to concerns that they may imply adverse consequences for categories of workers. This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
Selon les prévisions présentées dans cette édition des Perspectives économiques, certaines initiatives budgétaires pourraient servir de catalyseur à l’activité du secteur privé et accélérer modestement le rythme de croissance de l’économie mondiale, le portant aux alentours de 3 ½ pour cent d’ici 2018.
Twenty years into its membership in the OECD, Poland has achieved impressive progress in terms of the living standards of its citizens. The country did not only manage to significantly reduce the GDP per capita gap with other OECD countries, but it also caught up with respect to several other dimensions of well-being. To ensure further widespread improvements in living standards, Poland needs to continue to move towards higher-technology production, boosting productivity and improving access to high-quality jobs and good pay. This report reviews recently implemented and planned reforms that aim to achieve these goals and proposes further policy measures to help Poland make the shift towards a more knowledge-based economy. To safeguard inclusiveness, it is crucial that the government also put in place appropriate policies to ensure that no one is left behind during this transformation and that all firms and all citizens can equally participate in and benefit from it.
This page contains information on the work of the OECD and Colombia in the area of Competition Law and Policy.
Οι ελληνικές κυβερνήσεις έχουν κάνει σημαντικά βήματα τα τελευταία χρόνια για την ενίσχυση της νομοθεσίας περί ανταγωνισμού. Χρησιμοποιώντας τον Οδηγό Αξιολόγησης Ανταγωνισμού του ΟΟΣΑ, τρεις εκθέσεις έχουν ήδη εντοπίσει προβληματικούς κανονισμούς σε επιλεγμένους τομείς και πολλές διατάξεις που θα μπορούσαν να τροποποιηθούν για την ενίσχυση του ανταγωνισμού. Δείτε τις εκθέσεις
The Greek government and the OECD have worked together to assess the costs and benefits of regulations restricting competition in the tourism, retail trade, food processing and construction materials sectors and to propose specific recommendations for change.
The Greek authorities have taken important steps in recent years to reinforce competition law. Using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit three reports have already identified several problematic regulations in selected sectors and numerous provisions where changes could be made to foster competition. View the reports.
Competitive neutrality means that state-owned and private businesses compete on a level playing field. This is essential for the effective use of resources within the economy and thus the achievement of growth and development. While the principle of competitive neutrality is gaining wide support around the world, obtaining it in practice is a much more difficult question.