OECD Recommendation on Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement


On 17 July 2012, the OECD Council adopted a Recommendation on Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement that calls for governments to assess their public procurement laws and practices at all levels of government in order to promote more effective procurement and reduce the risk of bid rigging in public tenders.

The Recommendation is a step forward in the fight against collusion in public procurement that the OECD has been leading for a long time especially through the issuing of the 2009 Guidelines for Fighting bid rigging in Public Procurement and the work related to its dissemination worldwide.


Rationale for the Recommendation

Public procurement is an essential government activity that affects a country’s economy. In many OECD countries, expenses related to procurement amount to 15 per cent of the gross domestic product and in most developing countries, this can be substantially higher.

Efficient and competitive procurement processes are thus key to obtaining goods and services at the best value for money to the benefit of taxpayers, end consumers and users of public services in general. However, certain rules that govern procurement, the way in which a tender is carried out and the design of the tender itself can hinder competition and promote collusion arrangements or bid-rigging conspiracies between competitors.

The 2012 Recommendation together with the Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement are therefore essential instruments that help OECD governments reduce such anti-competitive practices and find effective ways of detecting with them.

Scope of the Recommendation

The Recommendation applies to OECD member countries. Other economies are welcome to associate themselves to the recommendation. The scope of policies covered by the recommendation includes government regulations, rules and legislation.


Download the text of the Recommendation





Help us implement the recommendation and fight bid rigging

The Secretariat is strongly committed to support OECD and non-OECD governments with the implementation of the Recommendation for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement and its Guidelines.

To this purpose, the OECD has developed a standard training programme for procurement officials on the implementation of the two checklists included in the Guidelines with real case studies from around the wold and hypothetical cases.

Other specific training is also available for competition officials.  If you are interested in seeking the OECD support in your fight against collusive practices, please contact the Secretariat at


Learn more about the OECD Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement

‌The OECD Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement were designed to reduce the risks of bid rigging through careful design of the procurement process and to detect bid rigging conspiracies.

Countries like Mexico and Colombia have already partnered with the OECD to improve procurement practices and step up their fight against bid rigging.

>> Mexico: More about the Mexico-OECD partnership and related reports

>> Colombia: 2014 report on Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement in Colombia

>> Guidelines: Download the text of the guidelines (Available in 26 different languages)

See also:

Other OECD Recommendations on Competition Law and Policy

OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises

More OECD work on Competition




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