This seminar was the second held in the framework of the OECD Regulatory Reform Review in China. To support discussions between the Chinese government and OECD member countries during the analysis and formulation of the Review, a number of policy makers and experts from China and OECD countries met in Beijing on 28 March 2008.
Regulatory policy is about the process by which regulations are drafted, updated, implemented and enforced. The approach to regulatory governance should be broad, aiming at promoting business and investment-friendly environments and regulatory processes that reinforce good governance and the rule of law. Regulations encouraging market dynamism, innovation and competitiveness promote economic performance. The aim is to increase efficiency, effectiveness and a better balance in delivering social and economic policies over time.
Objectives of the Seminar
The goal of this seminar was to support the work of the Regulatory Reform Review in China bringing in different experts to analyse OECD experiences and the Chinese situation from an international perspective. The first seminar was held in Beijing on 12 September 2007 and followed the review structure, including the four thematic sections covering capacities for regulatory policy, trade openness and competition, regulatory frameworks for selected sectors, in this case public service delivery. This seminar focused more specifically on the existing capacities for regulatory policy for specific public service sectors selected by the national Chinese administration, covering: i) healthcare facilities, ii) water and sanitation, and iii) electricity.
Session 1 –Administrative Simplification to improve the economic environment
Mr. Nick Malyshev, Senior Economist and Principal Administrator, Regulatory Policy Division, OECD.
Mr. Flemming Olsen, Policy Analyst and Administrator, Regulatory Policy Division, OECD.
Ms. Karen Hill, Director of Regulatory Services, Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, UK.
Session 2 – Hospitals and medical centres
Mr. Peter Scherer, Head of the Health Division, OECD.
Ms. Li Zhen, Professor, China Renmin University, PR China (Presentation in Chinese)
Mr. Charles Tsai, Researcher, Groupe d’Economie Mondiale (GEM), Sciences Po.
Session 3 – Water supply and sanitation
Mr. Roberto Villarreal, Head of the Regional Competitiveness and Governance Division, OECD.
Ms. Aziza Akhmouch, Policy Analyst, Regulatory Policy Division, OECD.
Mr. Pu Yufei, Deputy Director General, Information Centre, NDRC, PR China (English, 中文)
Mr. Simon Spooner, Principal Consultant, Water & Environment, Atkins.
Session 4 – Electricity
Mr. François Nguyen, Senior Energy Analyst, Electricity Markets, International Energy Agency.
Mr. Zhang Qing, Law and Economics Centre, China University of Political Science and Law. Regulation and Competition Centre, University of Manchester.
Mr. Russell Pittman, Director of Economic, Antitrust Division, Department of Justice, U.S.
Mr. Darryl Biggar, Economic Adviser, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Australia.
Mr. Daniel Assandri, Head of Power Systems, ABB (China) Ltd.
as well as the related documents (below) were discussed during the meeting.
The evolution of regulatory policy in OECD countries
Regulatory Reform: Experience from OECD countries
Policy Brief: Cutting Red Tape: National Strategies
经济合作与发展组织 革除繁文缛节：国家策略 (Policy Brief on Cutting Red Tape, Chinese version)
The regulation of public services in OECD countries: Issues for discussion
经合组织国家公共服务监管: 讨论议题 (The Regulation of Public Services, Chinese version)
Regulatory frameworks for urban services, Graeme Hodge