As part of the STI Outlook 2016, the OECD has released policy profiles by country. These include cross-country analyses that draw on the first joint EC-OECD survey on STI policies. They focus on major STI policy areas, instruments and trends.
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With over 1.36 billion people, the People’s Republic of China is the world’s most populous country and has the world’s largest education system. China is a high performer in the 2015 OECD Programme for International Student Assessment.
This country note presents student performance in science, reading and mathematics, and measures equity in education in China. The interactive charts allow you to compare results with other countries participating in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
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In 2015, three economies in China participated in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment, or PISA, for the first time: Beijing, a municipality, Jiangsu, a province on the eastern coast of the country, and Guangdong, a southern coastal province. Shanghai, which, like Beijing, is also a Chinese megacity of over 20 million people, has participated in PISA since 2009.
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Report prepared for the G20 Science, Technology and Innovation Ministers Meeting in Beijing, China, 4 November 2016
Since the beginning of China’s economic transformation in the early 1970s, investment has been a key driver of China’s growth and has contributed to substantial improvements in living standards. Over three decades of average annual GDP growth of 10%, disposable incomes have soared, lifting hundreds of millions of people out of extreme poverty. The share of the population living in extreme poverty has declined from above 90% in the early 1980s to less than 10% today. However, this growth model is no longer sustainable. Returns on investment have declined, although they are still higher than those of the Asian Tigers. Excess capacity is plaguing several sectors, and negative externalities have been onerous, notably in terms of environmental degradation and income inequality. A key objective of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) is therefore to move the economy towards a path of more balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth.
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17 October 2016, Paris: The G20 Chinese Presidency, the UK and the OECD jointly organised a Seminar on “Corruption and Economic Growth”. Expert panellists recognised the negative impact of corruption on economic growth and society at both the macro and micro level, and stressed the importance of strong political leadership in fighting corruption.
Les prix du carbone actuels ne sont pas au niveau qui devrait être le leur pour faire baisser les émissions de gaz à effet de serre responsables du changement climatique. Pourtant, même des hausses de prix modérées pourraient avoir un impact notable, comme le souligne une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.
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This country note provides an environmental tax and carbon pricing profile for China. It shows environmentally related tax revenues, taxes on energy use and effective carbon rates.
L’OCDE a salué la publication par la Chine et les États-Unis d’examens par les pairs portant sur leurs subventions aux combustibles fossiles.