Production processes have become global and markets more integrated as trade costs have fallen on the back of technological progress and trade and investment policy reforms. We can no longer base policy decisions on conventional trade statistics that report the gross value of products and services each time they cross borders. Instead, we need to measure how much and where value is added, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.
During his visit China, Angel Gurría attended the Global Value Chains in the 21st Century conference, organised jointly by the OECD, UNCTAD, and the WTO in partnership with China's Ministry of Commerce. The Secretary-General also met with several high level representatives of the Chinese government and business.
The solar heating and cooling (SHC) roadmap outlines a pathway for solar energy to supply almost one sixth (18 EJ) of the world’s total energy use for both heating and cooling by 2050. This would save some 800 megatonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per year; more than the total CO2 emissions in Germany in 2009. While solar heating and cooling today makes a modest contribution to world energy demand, the roadmap envisages that if concerted action is taken by governments and industry, solar energy could annually produce more than 16% of total final energy use for low temperature heat and nearly 17% for cooling. Given that global energy demand for heat represents almost half of the world’s final energy use – more than the combined global demand for electricity and transport – solar heat can make a significant contribution in both tackling climate change and strengthening energy security.
Skills and educational development for inclusive and sustainable growth are becoming significant drivers in OECD countries.
In recent years, rapid industrialisation, intensified agricultural production and urbanisation in the People's Republic of China has brought greater prosperity and higher living standards to many, but it has also created high demand for energy and raw materials, increased pressure on ecosystems and affected health outcomes. China is committed to achieving a green economy.
The discussion in the meeting provided some insights into China’s growth model and need to improve competitiveness, particularly in view of the global economic slowdown.
La Réunion du Conseil au niveau des Ministres de 2012 marque le cinquième anniversaire du lancement du processus d’engagement renforcé qui vise à faire avancer les relations de l’OCDE avec cinq partenaires clés, le Brésil, la Chine, l’Inde, l’Indonésie et l’Afrique du Sud.
Source : Principaux indicateurs économiques (PIE) de l'OCDE. Les indicateurs composites avancés sont calculés pour 29 pays membres (l’Islande étant exclue), pour six économies non membres et pour neuf zones. L’indicateur composite avancé d’un pays comporte un ensemble de séries composantes choisies parmi un large éventail d'indicateurs économiques à court terme inclus dans la base de données des PIE.
English, , 2,827kb
China in Focus: Lessons and Challenges gathers in one volume analyses conducted by the OECD on China in 2011, together with a selection of more general pieces of work of particular pertinence to China.
Chinese, , 4,974kb
China in Focus: Lessons and Challenges gathers in one volume analyses conducted by the OECD on China in 2011, together with a selection of more general pieces of work of particular pertinence to China. Please note that this is the Mandarin translation of the English original.