Today, the OECD and Chile are working together more closely than ever. This co-operation extends to all spheres of public policies: education, health, employment, taxation, good governance, trade, the environment ... all those fields in which the OECD is a point of reference and where the Chilean government can count on us, within the important agenda of reforms that are being undertaken.
Chile is not immune to a reality that is affecting all its neighbours: a sharp decline in growth, in the wake of collapsing external demand. Given this context, it is now even more necessary to seize upon all those public policies that will allow us to return to the path of growth that is at the same time stronger, more inclusive, and more sustainable.
Mr. Gurría met with President Bachelet to advance collaboration and commemorate the 5th anniversary of Chile joining the OECD. He also presented the OECD Economic Survey of Chile, spoke at various events, and held a series of bilateral meetings with Ministers and officials.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
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Life expectancy in Chile has increased faster than in most OECD countries over the past few decades, although it still remains almost two years below the OECD average. Further progress in reducing risk factors to health (notably smoking and obesity) and improving access to high-quality health care would help achieve further gains in population health status.
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La expectativa de vida en Chile ha aumentado más rápido que en la mayoría de los países de la OCDE durante las últimas décadas, aunque sigue siendo dos años inferior al promedio de la OCDE. Reducciones en factores de riesgo para la salud (en especial el tabaquismo y la obesidad), como también un mayor acceso a servicios sanitarios de alta calidad mejorarían aún más la salud de la población.
This report provides an overview of frameworks and experience in Latin America and internationally in dealing with the challenges associated with corporate governance of company groups. It describes their economic rationale, benefits and relevance in Latin America, and how they are defined, overseen and regulated. It also delves into some of the risks and more specific challenges involved in ensuring protection of minority shareholder rights and managing or minimising conflicts of interest within groups. It notes the rising importance of Latin American-based multinational company groups. Finally, it reviews existing international and regional guidance on corporate governance of company groups before assessing the more specific policy options and challenges in the region, and describing the conclusions reached by the Latin American Corporate Governance Roundtable and Task Force on Company Groups based on this report’s findings. Country-specific chapters provide more specific descriptions of the frameworks in place for corporate governance of company groups in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
The end of the mining boom has highlighted the urgent need for Chile to diversify its economy away from commodity-intensive sectors, according to a new OECD report presented by Secretary-General Angel Gurría today.
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Chile ha gozado hasta hace poco de una prolongada fase de fuerte crecimiento económico y creación de empleo. Sin embargo, a pesar de extraordinarios avances, sigue habiendo grandes brechas en algunas dimensiones de bienestar en comparación con otros países de la OCDE.
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Chile recovered quickly from the crisis. The unemployment rate has declined to 6.2% in Q1 2015 (down from 6.5% in Q1 2014). While unemployment is projected to fall in most OECD countries, in Chile it is projected to increase to 6.8% by the end of 2016.