L'économie chilienne a eu une performance extraordinaire au cours des dernières décennies, avec une forte croissance et la baisse des taux de pauvreté.
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Chile has the lowest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015. The country occupied the same position in 2014. The average single worker in Chile faced a tax wedge of 7% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
This report is a progress review on the implementation of key OECD recommendations made in the 2014 Public Governance Review of the Office of the Comptroller General of Chile (the CGR). It takes stock of the CGR’s recent activities in key areas – stakeholder engagement, support to internal control and rebalancing its audit portfolio – and assesses their impact based on consultation with CGR officials and external stakeholders of the Chilean executive, legislature and civil society.
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This OECD report lays an empirical foundation for structuring economic policies to facilitate Chile’s participation in global value chains and to maximise the associated benefits for national firms and workers.
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Despite achieving near universal health coverage with a basic benefit package that all health payers must provide, health financing in Chile remains inefficient and inequitable. There is room for improving the system by moving towards a unified, equitable social security system for the entire population.
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En 2012, 52% de los estudiantes de Chile tuvo un bajo rendimiento en matemáticas (media OCDE: 23%), un 33% en lectura (media OCDE: 18%), un 34% en ciencias (media OCDE: 18%), y un 25% en las tres materias (media OCDE: 12%).
This case study presents the proposed reforms to political funding and election oversight in the Republic of Chile put forth by the administration of President Michelle Bachelet. It details the measures to increase public funding, ensure transparency in finances, and create effective sanctions for violations.
Backed by strong economic growth Chile has made substantial progress in improving the quality of life of its citizens. Nonetheless, gaps in living standards vis-à-vis other OECD countries remain large and there are strong differences in well-being across the Chilean population. The government has introduced important steps to strengthen redistribution and improve equality of opportunities, including ambitious tax, labour and education reforms. But there is room to further improve the design of many policies to promote inclusiveness. Moreover, to sustain progress in well-being, Chile also needs faster productivity growth which stagnated until recently. This requires policies that foster competition, improve human capital accumulation and increase the diversification of the economy that still relies heavily on commodity exports.
The issue that concerns us is this: "How to achieve development and how to keep on growing?" These are questions that have kept us very busy at the OECD during our 54 years in existence. Our motto, "better policies for better lives", condenses that aspiration.
It is a real pleasure to join you today in discussing one of the most important initiatives of the OECD, the "New Approaches to Economic Challenges" (NAEC). We undertook this initiative in response to the crisis, with the purpose of doing some soul-searching, learning from the past, and updating our analytical frameworks in order to address the present and, above all, the future.