Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
The OECD welcomes Chile’s plan to improve the way it calculates the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The plan focuses primarily on proposals by the Chilean Statistical Office (INE) to better capture price changes for clothes and footwear, to ensure that the CPI accurately reflects inflation.
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Fiscal policy plays an essential role in reducing income inequality in OECD countries while this effect tends to be lower in Latin American economies. This paper adds to the discussion by looking at the issue from a tax-benefit analysis perspective; namely by estimating the impact of the welfare system on the different income groups in Chile and Mexico.
La OCDE ha lanzado hoy la versión 3.0 de su pionero Índice para una Vida Mejor, una herramienta interactiva que permite a los usuarios medir y comparar sus vidas. Esta versión actualizada contiene las últimas estadísticas, informaciones nacionales y conclusiones de los usuarios. Por primera vez, está disponible también en español.
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This paper reviews road concession programmes in Chile, Colombia and Peru over the period 1993-2010 and analyses how their shortcomings have resulted in large extra fiscal costs. Weak State institutions, unclear legislation and deficient contract design have allowed for frequent and costly renegotiation of road concessions.
The OECD Urban Policy Review of Chile explores the structure and challenges of urban policy in Chile. It examines urban development frameworks and sector policies, and makes recommendations for revitalising Chile's urban governance architecture.
Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.
The paper explores the Chilean experience in regulating its mining sector and how it can be used as a model for other mineral rich economies.
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Chile has developed rapidly in the past two decades – it has become a strong economy, and a member of the OECD. Despite the global recession, the devastating earthquake and the tsunami, Chile is still one of the most successful economies in Latin America. The total GDP, as well as the GDP per capita, have been increasing; while income inequality and the percentage of poverty among the population have decreased.