To support economic growth and job creation through assisting governments and agencies in the development of locally-designed policies for entrepreneurship, SMEs and innovation. In doing so, assess the factors that contribute to entrepreneurship vitality at local level and the scope for policy intervention; identify and disseminate information on innovations and good practices and make recommendations on how local development actors can improve the design and delivery of their entrepreneurship policies.
This activity is developed in collaboration with the OECD Working Party on Small and Medium-sized Enterprises & Entrepreneurship (WPSMEE).
Seminar: Evaluation of programmes for the promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises (Jerusalem, Israel)
25 April 2013
This seminar was prepared by the LEED Programme for officials of the Israeli Small and Medium Business Agency (SMBA) and for managers and co-ordinators of public programmes supported by the SMBA. It presented the major issues and principles involved in designing, commissioning, undertaking and using evaluations of SME programmes illustrated with examples of good practice.
Review: Regional FDI-SME linkage strategies in Kazakhstan
December 2011-May 2015
This project examines how policies can support the integration of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) into global value chains through creating and exploiting linkages between SMEs and Foreign Direct Investors (FDI). It involves assessments of current conditions and opportunities in three regions of Kazakhstan and makes recommendations for policy actions at national and local levels.
Review: Supporting survival and growth of graduate entrepreneurship: skills, competences and start-up support in Germany
January 2011-December 2013
This project continues OECD LEED work on university entrepreneurship support started in 2006 in the framework of the ongoing collaboration between the Commissioner for the New Federal States, the eastern German Länder and the OECD LEED Programme. The aim of this project is to provide advice for policy makers at Federal and Land levels, and practical assistance to university management and practitioners in charge of business start-up and early growth support, on how to improve the current strategy, infrastructure and practices in supporting new and young firms emerging from universities in order to increase the birth and growth rates.
Events & Activities
Capacity building seminar: Financing business start-up by under-represented groups (Trento, Italy)
27-29 June 2012
This seminar was part of a three-year programme of cooperation between the European Commission and the OECD LEED Programme to monitor and report on entrepreneurial activity in Europe and related public policies and actions. This seminar provided an opportunity for policy-makers to discuss policy options, objectives, design and results for programmes that support access to business start-up financing by under-represented groups.
Report: Knowledge networks and their impact on new and small firms in local economies (Italy-Germany)
31 Januray 2012
New and small firms can be important engines of job creation and local development when they identify and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities. The OECD LEED Programme in cooperation with the University of Trento has prepared this paper to analyse in deep the behaviour of knowledge networks in two specific local contexts: the Autonomous Province of Trento in Italy and the Magdeburg Province in Germany.
Review: Boosting local entrepreneurship and enterprise creation in Lombardy region (Italy)
December 2011-December 2012
The project, jointly implemented by the OECD LEED Programme and Unioncamere Lombardia, will examine the capacity in Lombardy region to support new enterprise creation and the development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and how it can be enhanced through local economic and employment development policies.
Review: Entrepreneurship support in Tunisia - The role of universities
January 2010-December 2012
This review will provide Tunisia with an assessment of practices in place for training of entrepreneurship skills and competences and a set of recommendations for policy improvements, including international learning models example and a policy action plan.
Review: Skills and competences for entrepreneurship
January 2010-December 2012
This project continues the work on the role of universities in entrepreneurship support that started by LEED in 2009. The project advises governments and their partner agencies at national and local levels on how to provide effective training and related support to start-up entrepreneurs, with a particular focus on the role of universities and vocational training institutions.
Review: Local development capacity assessment in EU candidate countries and potential candidates in the Western Balkans - a LEED Project
Januray 2011-October 2012
This joint initiative by the European Commission Enlargement Directorate-General and the OECD LEED Programme is focused on providing an assessment of the current local development capacity in view of EU accession in the EU Candidate countries and potential candidates in the Western Balkans, notably: Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244), Montenegro and Serbia.
Capacity building seminar: Implementing SME policy tools in Eastern Europe and South Caucasus (Trento, Italy)
25-28 October 2011
This 3.5-day seminar discussed how to tackle some of the primary challenges SMEs face, addressing the following issues related to SME policy tools and instruments: (i) business cooperation and local governance; (ii) technology, innovation and green growth; and (iii) access to finance. The seminar was addressed to participants from Eastern Europe and South Caucasus - Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine - committed to the topic of SME development and policy, and willing to contribute to build a highly interactive environment, by sharing their experiences and learning from each other.
Conference: Local and regional strategies to relaunch economic and employment development (Trento, Italy)
8 July 2011
High level policy makers, economists and representatives of international and European institutions discussed the future of global economic and financial development and debated the crucial role played by regions and localities in the recovery and development of economic competitiveness. The conference provided a means to exchange good practice and drew up policy recommendation to achieve tangible results.
6th Festival of Economics in Trento, Italy
2-5 June 2011
In the framework of the 6th Festival of Economics on "The borders of economic freedom", the OECD LEED Trento Centre, in cooperation with the School on Local Development of the University of Trento, organised a round-table session on "Labour and productivity: the role of institutions, trade unions and business in the current economic crisis", which took place at the OECD Trento Centre (Vicolo S. Marco, 1) on Friday 3 June at 11.00 am.
Capacity building seminar: Universities, skills and entrepreneurship (Trento, Italy)
18-20 October 2010
Much can be learned from an international exchange of information about the rationales behind university entrepreneurship support and local partnerships to foster the birth and growth of new firms. The seminar explored strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, examined what constitutes good practice in local entrepreneurship support and discussed potential pitfalls.
Report: SMEs, entrepreneurship and local development in the Marche Region, Italy
The aim of the report was to provide, from an international perspective, advice on how to strengthen and restructure the economy of the Marche region through the use of appropriate SME and entrepreneurship policies. This report set out the findings of the review. The report identified major considerations for policy development in the field, assessed the current challenges and opportunities for the Marche and advanced recommendations to improve policy and practice in the Marche region.
Review: National and regional small and medium-sized enterprise policy linkage in Serbia
The recommendations developed in this report are of two types: i) general SME policy orientation; and ii) issues arising from first application of the OECD IC-LEED analytical tool – the SSPI - to measure gaps between national and sub-national SME policy development and programmes. Recommendations linked to the first type focus on general issues arising from financial support for SMEs in Serbia. Recommendations of the second type are based on an analysis of gaps between SME policies found at the national level and those implemented in the regions covered by this project.
Review: SME and entrepreneurship issues and policies at national and local levels in Poland
This report presents the findings by the Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) of the local component of the "National review of entrepreneurship and SME policies" in Poland. The review was undertaken by the OECD in collaboration with the Economic Development Department of the Polish Ministry of Economy.
Capacity building seminar: Supporting SMEs in a time of crisis - How to choose the right actions (Trento, Italy)
12-15 October 2009
The capacity building seminar lasted for 3.5 days and was based on a mix of short presentations by OECD and international experts followed by discussion, group work around practical case studies developed by participants and trainers prior to the seminar, and group work exercises. The programme included study visits to Trentino entrepreneurship and SME development initiatives to view instruments used in the Province of Trento and considered as good practices by the OECD.
Workshop: Higher education institutions, innovation and entrepreneurship (Halle, Germany)
12 June 2009
The aim of the good practice workshop was to follow up the joint policy development project from LEED Programme of the OECD and the German Federal Ministry of Housing, Construction and Urban Affairs with a practical event to enable HEIs and policy makers from eastern Germany to exchange with each other and with participants from other countries around good practice in HEI entrepreneurship support, namely in entrepreneurship education and in start-up support. A rich and diverse programme also offered participants opportunities to engage in dept-interviews with those behind good practices.
Compendium of policy recommendations on Strengthening Entrepreneurship June 2009
The compendium was part of project on "Strengthening Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in East Germany"
carried out by the OECD and the Federal Ministry of Housing, Land, Construction, Transport and Urban Affairs. The compendium was built of several themes of relevance to local entrepreneurship development in East Germany. It brought together recommendations, International learning models and good practice in East Germany.
Review : Fostering SME and entrepreneurship development in the tourism sector in Bulgaria (Sofia, Bulgaria)
18-22 June 2007
The review was launched by the OECD LEED Trento Centre for Local Development in co-operation with the U. S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and its country mission in Bulgaria. It was an opportunity for policy makers at national and sub-national levels in Bulgaria to debate with international experts in refining the SME and tourism policy design and delivery.
Review: Strengthening entrepreneurship, innovation and economic development at local level in Croatia
21-25 May 2007
The review was a joint project between the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the U. S. Agency for International Development (USAID).
Review: Strengthening entrepreneurship and local economic development in East Germany.
A co-operative project between the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs and the OECD on entrepreneurship development in East Germany.
Capacity building seminar: Building development strategies for cities and regions (Trento, Italy)
23-27 October 2006
This 5-day capacity building seminar focused on the local development strategy design and implementation and more specifically it emphasized the role of strategy in integrating different drivers, factors and enablers of local economic development. This event brought together 60 experienced policy makers and practitioners from Central, East and South East Europe working in the area of regional and local development strategy building.
Seminar: Influencing attitudes and skills for entrepreneurship and SME growth: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and South East Europe (Skopje, Macedonia)
27 February 2006
The seminar in Macedonia continued the work on the case studies identified during the Trento Centre capacity building seminar on entrepreneurship held on 13-14 December 2004 in Trento and further explored the theme of Entrepreneurship Spirit and Skills. This event was organised in collaboration with the Agency for Entrepreneurship Support of the Republic of Macedonia.
Seminar: Promoting SME innovation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other South-East European countries (Brčko, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
19 October 2005
This event was a follow-up of the Trento Centre capacity building seminar on entrepreneurship and further explored the theme of Promoting SME Innovation.
Conference: Fostering entrepreneurship: the role of higher education (Trento, Italy)
23-24 June 2005
This international conference was organised by the OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development and the OECD LEED Trento Centre for Local Development. It addressed the role that higher education institutions play in fostering entrepreneurship, with a particular focus on Central, East and South-East European countries.
Seminar: SME internationalisation in Montenegro and other South-East European countries (Podgorica, Montenegro)
13 April 2005
This seminar was held back-to-back with the event in Serbia. It was organised by the OECD LEED Programme and the LEED Trento Centre. The event continued the work on the case studies identified during the Trento seminar and will further explore the theme of SME internationalisation. It was part of the activities of the joint OECD-CEI Local Development Network (LDN).
Seminar: Strengthening local clusters in Serbia and Montenegro and pther South-East European countries (Belgrade, Serbia)
11 April 2005
This event was organised by the OECD LEED Programme and the LEED Trento Centre for Local Development (Italy). It explored further the theme of local clusters and is developed as part of the activities of the joint OECD-CEI Local Development Network (LDN).
Conference: Financing entrepreneurship at regional and local level in Bulgaria and other South-East European countries (Sofia, Bulgaria)
17 March 2005
This seminar was an opportunity to debate the results of recent entrepreneurship developments in Bulgaria. It focus on the theme of financing entrepreneurship at local and regional level in light of experiences from OECD and South-East European countries. It analysed the main obstacles to improving SME finance at local level.
Seminar: Entrepreneurship and SME development (Trento, Italy)
13-18 December 2004
This one-week seminar has been especially designed for local policy-makers and practitioners from South, Central, and Eastern Europe responsible for job creation and SME promotion. This training was organised by the LEED Programme through the LEED Trento Centre for Local Development.
For more information, please contact Alessandra.Proto@oecd.org and Andrea-Rosalinde.Hofer@oecd.org.
LEED Trento Centre (Italy)