Développement économique et création locale d’emplois (LEED)

LEED Trento Centre: culture, CCIs and heritage


Culture and creativity as a lever for inclusive growth and local development 

The past decades have seen a rapid emergence of the culture and creative economy.  Culture and creative industries (CCIs) include a broad range of activities, including cultural heritage, architecture, music, live performance, publishing, the art and antiques market, music, arts and crafts professions, television and radio, film and video, advertising, design, fashion, video games, and software and IT services.

Culture is an integral part of local development. It is linked to job creation, exports and revenues. Whether in cities, or regions, culture is an essential component of the quality of life, and a “creativity lever” for new goods and services. Culture and creative industries can bridge communities and provide disadvantaged individuals opportunities for empowerment, self-reliance and integration into employment and productive activities.

However, due to the rapid evolution of CCIs, the difficulties to define its frontiers and its needs, the often intangible impacts of culture-led projects, the need to catch up with the new trends in cultural and creative tourism, and the fragmentation of the policy frameworks, local policy makers often do not grasp the full extent of the sector, and deploy insufficient efforts to support it. There is overall a lack of capacities to design integrated strategies and in leveraging the appropriate policies that would be necessary to realise the potential of the sector in creating jobs and transforming well-being.

MARK YOUR CALENDAR! The findings will be presented at an international conference to be organised in November 2018 in Venice, in co-operation with UNESCO and the European Commission. The meeting will contribute to set the OECD future agenda on culture.


2017-2018 Focus

A. Fulfilling the potential for Cultural and Creative Industries

Quantifying the social and economic impact of the sector and identifying policy tools to support it

Why this is important

Recent EC research [Towards More Efficient Financial Ecosystems, European Commission, 2016] recognises that despite their considerable potential, the CCIs, estimated to be responsible for over 3% of the EU's gross domestic product and jobs, remain undervalued and unrecognised.

They continue to face difficulties in accessing start-up capital and financing but also finding workers with the right skills. The challenges facing CCIs are compounded by a lack of clear evidence and information on the sector. 

Read more about the objective, key deliverables and how to participate



Round-table: Fulfilling the potential of Cultural and Creative Industries: reinforcing linkages and spill overs 
23 June 2017 | Milan, Italy

Round-table: Culture, health and well-being - 12th Festival od Economics
3 June 2017 | Trento, Italy



B. Culture and local development: maximising the impact

Towards an OECD Guide for Local Governments, Communities and Museums

Why this is important

Museums and cultural heritage are powerful assets for local development. They can help attract tourists, bring revenues, regenerate local economies, promote inclusion, boost cultural diversity and reinvent territorial identity. For several decades now, cities and regions have been drawing on these assets to put in place heritage-led regeneration plans as part of their wider economic development strategies.

At the same time, museums are increasingly recognising the instrumental benefits of the arts and sciences and are experimenting with the new roles they can play as agents of economic development, social innovation and social inclusion while continuing to enrich their traditional heritage conservation, restoration, scientific, and education functions.

Read more about the objective, key deliverables and how to participate



Working group: Cultural heritage as catalyst of local development
22 June, 2017 | Milan, Italy

Round-table: Cultural heritage as catalyst of local development
11 April 2017 | Prague, Czech Republic 



Previous related events

Debate on “Culture-led and smart regeneration strategies” @ SSPCR 2017
22 February 2017 | Bolzano, Italy

ACTORS Italy - Cultural Attractors for Tourism and Employment in Southern Italian Regions - event in the TSM series "Dialogues on culture 2016" (Trento, Italy)
11 November 2016 | Trento, Italy

Forum: Ravello LAB 2016 - Culture and Development -  Projects and tools for local growth
20-22 October 2016 | Ravello, Italy

Round-table: The Cities of Culture experience: paths of change between past and future - 11th Festival od Economics
3 June 2016 - 11.00 | Trento, Italy

Forum12th Annual Meeting of the LEED Forum - Creativity, jobs and local development
18-19 April 2016 | Venice, Italy

Forum: Ravello LAB 2015 - Culture and creative industries for developing districts
22-24 October 2015 | Ravello, Italy


Completed reviews & reports

Review ACTORS Italy - Cultural Attractors for Tourism and Employment in Southern Italian Regions
May 2014 - October 2016

Other relevant OECD CFE publications

Tourism and the Creative Economy
July 2014

The Impact of Culture on Tourism
January 2009

Culture and local development
April 2005



For further information, please contact Ekaterina.Travkina@oecd.org and Alessandra.Proto@oecd.org.


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