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  • 30-September-2020

    English

    Broadening Innovation Policy - New Insights for Cities and Regions

    This publication summarises the main findings of a series of high-level expert workshops, organised with support by the European Commission, to deepen the understanding how OECD countries can move towards a broad‑based form of innovation policy for regions and cities. Weaknesses in technology and knowledge diffusion are weighing on productivity growth and innovation in OECD countries, particularly in firms that are distant from the technological frontier (global or national). This in turn weakens their capacity to meet future challenges and undermines inclusive growth. This report examines where current tools for innovation policy are too narrowly focused, targeting mainly research and development as well as science and technology-based interventions. It seeks to help empower firms to benefit from global trends and technological change, in order to better adapt to the different capacity and innovation eco‑systems across regions and cities.
  • 16-July-2020

    English

    Preparing for the Future of Work in Canada

    Automation, digitalisation and technological change are profoundly affecting local labour markets in Canada as elsewhere across the OECD. Automation offers the opportunity to boost productivity, increasing prosperity and raising living standards. It can however also create losers, as workers who lose jobs to automation may not always have the skills needed in a changing labour market and might struggle to find new jobs. Places more vulnerable to automation than others tend to have some characteristics in common. Within Ontario, Canada’s most populous province and the driver of the Canadian economy, regions facing a higher risk of automation have larger employment shares in goods-producing sectors, a prevalence of rural communities and an older labour force. This study sheds light on main lessons and policy principles to prepare people, places and firms for the future of work in Canada. This report comes at a time when policy makers, citizens and businesses are challenged by the COVID-19 crisis that will generate a profound reflection on our production and consumption habits, as well as on local economy recovery policies. The COVID-19 crisis might also contribute to making the case for further automation in the workplace, as employers adopt new technology to increase productivity.
  • 3-July-2020

    English

    The Future of Tourism in Natural Areas: Impact, Governance, Financing

    The theme of the Future of Tourism in Natural Areas project (Tour.Nat) is tourism management in natural and protected areas at the time of Covid-19. The project intends to build an agile living laboratory of practical seminars, individual research, working groups, creative sessions, interactive discussions, and online tutoring.

  • 16-June-2020

    English

  • 16-June-2020

    English

    Cities in the World - A New Perspective on Urbanisation

    Cities are not only home to around half of the global population but also major centers of economic activity and innovation. Yet, so far there has been no consensus of what a city really is. Substantial differences in the way cities, metropolitan, urban, and rural areas are defined across countries hinder robust international comparisons and an accurate monitoring of SDGs. The report Cities in the World: A New Perspective on Urbanisation addresses this void and provides new insights on urbanisation by applying for the first time two new definitions of human settlements to the entire globe: the Degree of Urbanisation and the Functional Urban Area. Based on the definitions, the report presents new evidence of recent and future urbanisation trends and sheds light on the evolution of metropolitan areas around the globe. It examines whether and why quality of life differs between cities and other types of settlements. It analyses the relationship between economic development and the metropolitan system in countries around the world. Finally, it presents new evidence on the changing shape of cities and its impact on sustainability. The report demonstrates how globally consistent definitions of cities and metropolitan areas can contribute to more effective policy design.
  • 15-June-2020

    English

    D4SME Conversation with Guy Kuttner

    The D4SME network wants to highlight cases in which business owners are weathering the turmoil and using digital tools to stay afloat in the context of the Covid-19 outbreak. But also to use these cases as a starting point to discuss how this “accelerated” digitalisation can impact SMEs’ business models in the longer term.

    Related Documents
  • 10-juin-2020

    Français

    Intégrer les immigrants pour stimuler l’innovation au Québec, Canada

    L’attractivité du Québec auprès des migrants repose à la fois sur les politiques d’intégration au marché du travail et sur la nature des opportunités d’emploi. Cependant, bien que les immigrés du Québec figurent parmi les plus éduqués de l’OCDE, la province reste confrontée à de nombreux défis qui les empêchent de s’intégrer au marché du travail. Parmi ces défis, on note une maîtrise imparfaite de la langue française, la non-reconnaissance des qualifications étrangères, des différences culturelles qui se reflètent dans les habitudes professionnelles et un manque d’initiatives visant la promotion de l’entrepreneuriat. Dans le cadre de cette étude une enquête auprès employeurs a été réalisée afin de comprendre leur expérience en matière de recrutement d’immigrants et de connaître leur perception de l’utilité des outils disponibles pour favoriser l’intégration et l’embauche d’immigrants. Ce rapport présente une analyse des enjeux liés à l’intégration des migrants au niveau local et propose des exemples de bonnes pratiques mises en place dans d’autres régions de l’OCDE.
  • 8-June-2020

    English

    11th International Summer School for community and local development in Latin America and the Caribbean

    The School is organising specialised courses on socio-economic development and creating an international platform to exchange experiences and knowledge between public officers and practitioners from OECD member and non member countries that deals with cooperation and local development issues.

  • 8-June-2020

    English

    Agglomeration economies in Great Britain

    This paper estimates agglomeration economies in Great Britain. The analysis employs a definition of urban areas as functional economic units developed by the OECD in collaboration with the European Union to investigate the size and sources of productivity disparities across urban areas. It uses data from the UK Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings and the UK Labour Force Survey between 2000 and 2018 and a two-step estimation procedure that accounts for bias in the extent of agglomeration economies arising from individual sorting. The results suggest that a 10% increase in employment density of a city in Great Britain, would, on average, increase city productivity by 0.9-1 percent. The analysis also shows the estimated elasticity for employment density remains the same before and after the 2007–08 global financial crisis, not showing any clear structural break between city size and productivity relationship.
  • 26-May-2020

    English

    Local ability to rewire and socioeconomic performance - Evidence from US counties before and after the Great Recession

    The paper examines the effects of three groups of factors (county economic structure, social/demographic attributes and geography) on employment growth and poverty change in US counties before and after the Great Recession. It finds that the industrial structure that facilitates inter-industry employee flows ('rewiring') is of increasing importance post-Recession. In particular, this measure is associated with employment growth in under-performing counties suggesting that removing barriers to the flow of resources within lagging economies and increasing their adaptability potential might be a viable policy option.
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