L’économie canadienne est en train de s’adapter à la baisse des prix des matières premières, mais les pouvoirs publics doivent prendre d’autres mesures pour stimuler la productivité, réduire les risques pesant sur la stabilité financière et rendre à l’avenir la croissance plus forte, plus verte et plus inclusive, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
I am delighted to be in Montreal to launch the 2016 Economic Survey of Canada. I would flag that we are today also releasing another report, in our Better Policies series, which looks at Canada’s policy performance across a broad range of areas, with recommendations in each. I handed a preliminary version of this report to Prime Minister Trudeau late last year, but we have been refining it since then and today are making it public.
La dernière édition de l’Étude économique du Canada réalisée par l’OCDE, dont la publication est prévue le lundi 13 juin, est consacrée à la manière dont l’économie canadienne s’adapte à la baisse des prix des matières premières.
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To become a doctor in Canada, a student can therefore expect 9 to 13 years of university education and post-graduate training, depending on the area of specialisation.
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In Canada, there are three main categories for nurses: Licenced Practice Nurses (LPNs), Registered Nurses (RNs) and Registered Psychiatric Nurses (RPNs). In addition, registered nurses can pursue further education to become Clinical Nurse Specialists and/or Nurse Practitioners.
Canada has continued to harvest its vast natural resources and witnessed a shale revolution alongside rising oil sands production and investment in the energy sector over the past five years. The medium-term outlook for gas/oil production and exports, however, is challenging amid uncertainties around pipeline developments and an era of low prices, abundant global supplies and surging production in the United States, Canada’s main export market.
Canada maintains the highest energy supply per capita among IEA member countries. Emissions from the oil and gas sectors increased by 14% in 2005-13, despite Canada’s low-carbon electricity mix (largely hydro and nuclear). The federal government, with the provinces, has put forward stringent energy efficiency and emission standards in the buildings, power and transport sectors, but not in industry. To strengthen its position as responsible energy supplier and user, Canada must take action to mitigate emissions and energy intensity. It can continue to develop its resources in a sustainable and cost-effective manner while balancing its economic and sustainability goals.
Canada remains at the forefront of technological and regulatory innovation in unconventional oil and gas production and carbon capture and storage (CCS) with four large-scale CCS projects under way in 2015. The country has adopted ambitious climate targets at provincial and federal levels, but the federation is far from meeting its targets for 2020 and 2030. In July 2015, the Premiers of the provinces and territories agreed a Canadian Energy Strategy. The IEA urges the federal government to seize this opportunity for collective action to meet its 2030 goals and bring certainty to investment in clean-energy technologies and renewables.
This in-depth review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Canada and provides recommendations for each energy sector, including advice for the implementation of the Canadian Energy Strategy.
L'obtention d'une forte croissance de l'économie mondiale reste hors de portée, compte tenu de la reprise modeste des économies avancées et du ralentissement de l'activité dans les économies de marché émergentes, selon les dernières Perspectives économiques intermédiaires de l'OCDE.
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The growth rate in health spending per capita in Canada has slowed down markedly in recent years, being close to zero in real terms since 2011. Life expectancy in Canada is one year higher than the OECD average, but rising alcohol consumption and obesity rates are growing risk factors to health. Canada could further improve the quality of care in order to cope better with rising prevalence of chronic diseases.
This case study reviews the Canadian Elections Act, the primary legal framework for funding and oversight of political parties, candidates and campaigns. It also discusses role, mandate and practices of the Office of the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada, and the challenges presented going forward.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.