Publications & Documents


  • 15-March-2016

    English, PDF, 432kb

    Fact sheet: Trends in Medical Education and Training in Canada

    To become a doctor in Canada, a student can therefore expect 9 to 13 years of university education and post-graduate training, depending on the area of specialisation.

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  • 15-March-2016

    English, PDF, 315kb

    Fact sheet: Trends in Nursing Education in Canada

    In Canada, there are three main categories for nurses: Licenced Practice Nurses (LPNs), Registered Nurses (RNs) and Registered Psychiatric Nurses (RPNs). In addition, registered nurses can pursue further education to become Clinical Nurse Specialists and/or Nurse Practitioners.

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  • 7-March-2016

    English

    Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Canada 2015

    Canada has continued to harvest its vast natural resources and witnessed a shale revolution alongside rising oil sands production and investment in the energy sector over the past five years. The medium-term outlook for gas/oil production and exports, however, is challenging amid uncertainties around pipeline developments and an era of low prices, abundant global supplies and surging production in the United States, Canada’s main export market.

    Canada maintains the highest energy supply per capita among IEA member countries. Emissions from the oil and gas sectors increased by 14% in 2005-13, despite Canada’s low-carbon electricity mix (largely hydro and nuclear). The federal government, with the provinces, has put forward stringent energy efficiency and emission standards in the buildings, power and transport sectors, but not in industry. To strengthen its position as responsible energy supplier and user, Canada must take action to mitigate emissions and energy intensity. It can continue to develop its resources in a sustainable and cost-effective manner while balancing its economic and sustainability goals.

    Canada remains at the forefront of technological and regulatory innovation in unconventional oil and gas production and carbon capture and storage (CCS) with four large-scale CCS projects under way in 2015. The country has adopted ambitious climate targets at provincial and federal levels, but the federation is far from meeting its targets for 2020 and 2030. In July 2015, the Premiers of the provinces and territories agreed a Canadian Energy Strategy. The IEA urges the federal government to seize this opportunity for collective action to meet its 2030 goals and bring certainty to investment in clean-energy technologies and renewables.

    This in-depth review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Canada and provides recommendations for each energy sector, including advice for the implementation of the Canadian Energy Strategy.

  • 18-février-2016

    Français

    La croissance mondiale reste atone et exige une réaction urgente des pouvoirs publics

    L'obtention d'une forte croissance de l'économie mondiale reste hors de portée, compte tenu de la reprise modeste des économies avancées et du ralentissement de l'activité dans les économies de marché émergentes, selon les dernières Perspectives économiques intermédiaires de l'OCDE.

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  • 10-February-2016

    English, PDF, 365kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Canada

    The growth rate in health spending per capita in Canada has slowed down markedly in recent years, being close to zero in real terms since 2011. Life expectancy in Canada is one year higher than the OECD average, but rising alcohol consumption and obesity rates are growing risk factors to health. Canada could further improve the quality of care in order to cope better with rising prevalence of chronic diseases.

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  • 4-February-2016

    English

    Canada - Financing Democracy: Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns and the Risk of Policy Capture

    This case study reviews the Canadian Elections Act, the primary legal framework for funding and oversight of political parties, candidates and campaigns. It also discusses role, mandate and practices of the Office of the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada, and the challenges presented going forward.

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  • 18-janvier-2016

    Français

    Bourses de recherche et Parrainage de conférences

    Le Programme de recherche en collaboration (PRC) lance son appel aux candidatures pour l'octroi de bourses de recherche et le parrainage (financement) de conférences en 2017. Le PRC apporte son soutien aux travaux de recherche sur l'utilisation durable des ressources naturelles dans le domaine de l'agriculture, des forêts, des pêcheries et de la production alimentaire.

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  • 3-December-2015

    English, PDF, 105kb

    Revenue Statistics: Key findings for Canada

    The tax burden in Canada increased by 0.3 percentage points from 30.5% to 30.8% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.

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  • 24-November-2015

    English

    Education at a Glance 2015: Canada

    The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.

  • 23-novembre-2015

    Français

    Innovation, productivité et durabilité de l'agriculture au Canada

    Pour l’essentiel, le secteur canadien de l’alimentation et de l’agriculture est compétitif et axé sur les exportations. Bien que les défis et opportunités du secteur agricole canadien varient nettement selon les régions, le secteur agricole primaire bénéficie d’abondantes ressources naturelles et les contraintes environnementales auxquelles il est assujetti sont limitées. Du fait de son climat et de sa géographie, le Canada diffère notamment de nombreux autres pays exportateurs nets dans la mesure où son agriculture représente une part de l’utilisation des terres et de l’eau bien moindre. Les principales atteintes à l’environnement qui lui sont dues tiennent à la pollution de l’eau par les éléments nutritifs localisée dans certains endroits. Les gains de productivité résultant de l’innovation et des changements structurels ont entraîné une hausse de la production et des revenus sans trop peser sur les ressources. Le secteur agricole canadien, axé sur les exportations, doit impérativement être capable d’innover pour tirer profit de l’augmentation et de l’évolution de la demande mondiale de produits agroalimentaires.

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