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  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Illicit financial flows: Artisanal and small-scale gold mining in Ghana and Liberia

    Illicit financial flows (IFFs) generated by the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector in West Africa have historically contributed to conflict and instability, although it would be a mistake to classify this issue as a criminal matter, given its links to formal and informal networks and local livelihoods. This study examines IFFs associated with the ASGM sector in Ghana and Liberia and reveals a complex web of informal and illicit activity associated with IFFs, with detrimental consequences for development. It focuses on gold because of its prominence in the West African Region and artisanal small-scale mining (ASM), rather than large-scale mining (LSM). Further, ASMG is largely informal and consequently more vulnerable to exploitation by criminal networks, and plays a prominent role as a local livelihood. This case study is relatively narrow in focus, providing insights into the nature and scope of ASGM activities and their resulting IFFs, and making several observations on those areas where action could be taken in an effort to reduce IFF risks. The study selected Ghana and Liberia as two countries where research could be conducted, and where gold is a major industry.
  • 9-March-2020

    English

    Aid at a glance charts

    These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.

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  • 6-March-2020

    English

    Why does inclusion matter? - Assessing the links between inclusive processes and inclusive outcomes

    Inclusion in terms of both process (how decisions are made and who is included in that process and how and why) and outcomes (how wealth and prosperity are distributed and shared across a population and why) is a leading priority in international development, with the Sustainable Development Goals as perhaps the most ambitious articulation of this. As the evidence overwhelmingly shows, over the long term, more open and inclusive states and societies tend to be more prosperous, effective and resilient. And yet, it is far less clear how countries that can be considered more inclusive in terms of both process and outcome got to where they are. This paper explores the relationship between inclusive governance and inclusive development, which is complex and non-linear. Analysing existing research on the politics of development, it finds that there is no automatic causal relationship between inclusion as process and inclusion as outcome in either direction. The paper then highlights several factors that have been important in fostering inclusive development through inclusive governance. By way of conclusion, the paper draws out a few key implications for how international development actors can support inclusion more effectively through more politically aware ways of thinking and working.
  • 5-March-2020

    English

    Annex 2 List of ODA-eligible international organisations

    In reporting their ODA, donor countries refer to a List of ODA-eligible international organisations, including multilateral agencies, international NGOs, networks and PPPs.

  • 4-March-2020

    English

    What does "inclusive governance" mean? - Clarifying theory and practice

    Inclusion in terms of both process (how decisions are made and who is included in that process and how and why) and outcomes (how wealth and prosperity are distributed and shared across a population and why) is a leading priority in international development, with the Sustainable Development Goals as perhaps the most ambitious articulation of this. As the evidence overwhelmingly shows, over the long term, more open and inclusive states and societies tend to be more prosperous, effective and resilient. And yet, it is far less clear how countries that today can be considered more inclusive in terms of both process and outcome got to where they are. This Note explores the relationship between inclusive governance and inclusive development. It finds that there is no automatic causal relationship between inclusion as process and inclusion as outcome in either direction. However, the Note also highlights that under certain circumstances, more inclusive processes can in fact foster more inclusive development, and it teases out several factors that have been important in in this respect. By way of conclusion, the paper draws out implications for how international development actors can support inclusion more effectively through more politically aware ways of thinking and working.
  • 4-March-2020

    English

    Mission drawdowns: Financing a sustainable peace - Sustaining gains and supporting economic stability post UN mission withdrawal

    Successful transitions are vital; providing the means to secure the gains achieved through UN missions. A carefully managed transition process is one of the best ways to guard against backslide and to ensure the continuity of essential peacebuilding and conflict prevention efforts. As part of this, it will be important to build and reinforce the essential foundations for economic stability, and to maintain financing for peace programming post-withdrawal. Therefore, the overall objective of this research was to address the systemic challenges of financing UN Mission transitions, by outlining opportunities to ensure that: the potentially negative economic impacts and disruptions of UN Mission transitions are mitigated; financing for peacebuilding programmes is sustained post mission withdrawal; and domestic economic growth is sustained and supported where possible. This paper combines global trends and research on peace operation transitions with findings from case studies in DRC (initial stages of MONUSCO transition), Haiti (handover from MINUJUSH to BINUH), Liberia (following UNMIL’s withdrawal) and Sudan (transition of UNAMID). The paper focuses on opportunities that the international community could integrate into programming, co-ordination and financing. Accordingly, the paper is structured around the three phases of transition – ongoing UN missions, the transition, and sustaining capacity and economic stability post-withdrawal.
  • 27-February-2020

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Austria 2020

    The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined once every five to six years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation activities of the member under review and its approach to fragility, crisis and humanitarian assistance. Austria prioritises its multilateral engagement, advocates actively on global challenges such as security and environmental sustainability, and demonstrates regional leadership. The Austrian Development Agency is delivering quality development assistance to Austria’s priority partner countries but is responsible for only a small share of Austria’s total official development assistance (ODA) effort. In the absence of a single, overarching policy vision, Austria’s ODA remains fragmented. This review looks at the opportunities for Austria to achieve a more co-ordinated and coherent whole-of-government approach. It also emphasises the need for Austria to develop a plan to increase its aid budget in line with its commitment to allocate 0.7% of its gross national income to ODA.
  • 18-février-2020

    Français

    Statistiques sur les apports de ressources aux pays en développement

    Ces statistiques de l'OCDE montrent le volume et la destination de l'aide fournie par les gouvernements des pays donneurs. Quelle part de l'aide va aux pays les plus pauvres ? Quel part aux organisations multilatérales comme les Nations Unies ? Quels secteurs reçoivent le plus d'aide - les infrastructures économiques ou les programmes sociaux ? Ces statistiques montrent les premiers signes de l'augmentation de l'aide récemment promise

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  • 17-décembre-2019

    Français

    Vers une coopération pour le développement plus efficace - Rapport d'étape 2019

    Aider les pays à améliorer les conditions de vie de leurs citoyens nécessite une coopération internationale efficace pour le développement. Les principes du Partenariat mondial pour une coopération efficace au service du développement – l’appropriation par les pays ; l’orientation vers les résultats ; des partenariats inclusifs ; et, la transparence et la redevabilité mutuelle – guident les relations entre les partenaires du développement depuis près d’une décennie, les aident à renforcer et à améliorer leur mode de coopération et veillent à ce que tous les citoyens soient impliqués dans le processus. L’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE) et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) travaillent ensemble pour effectuer le suivi des progrès réalisés dans l’utilisation de ces principes. En 2018, des données ont été collectées par 86 pays et territoires partenaires, en collaboration avec plus de 100 partenaires du développement, afin de servir de base à ce travail et apporter des éléments probants. L’ouvrage, en montrant clairement où des progrès ont été accomplis et où des défis restent à relever, est à même de guider les gouvernements et leurs partenaires sur la façon dont ils peuvent renforcer l’action collective pour réaliser le Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030.
  • 17-December-2019

    English

    Sustainable Results in Development - Using the SDGs for Shared Results and Impact

    Governments and providers of development co-operation increasingly use Sustainable Development Goal indicators to guide their policies and practices. The close examination of three large recipients of development co-operation: Ethiopia, Kenya and Myanmar across the sectors of Education, Sanitation and Energy reveals four inter-related challenges in using SDG indicators at country level. First, the cost of using specific SDG indicators varies in relation to indicator complexity – complementary investments in country statistical systems may be necessary. Second, providers synchronising their country-level results planning with partner countries find it easier to align to and measure SDG indicators together with the partner country and other providers. Third, reliance on joint monitoring approaches is helping providers reduce the cost of SDG monitoring. Finally, while disaggregating SDG data by gender and by urban-rural dimensions is common, other data disaggregation relevant to ensure that no one is left behind are rare.
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