Many OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members are facing unprecedented and escalating inflows of refugees and migrants. In 2015, more than 1 million people crossed the Mediterranean Sea to look for international protection in Europe. In total, about 1.5 million claimed asylum in OECD countries in 2015. This is almost twice the number recorded in 2014 and the highest number ever.
Official Development Assistance (ODA) has played a major part in supporting the costs of the immediate response to this crisis. There is a need to continue to monitor these increasing in-donor costs, to ensure that the credibility of ODA is not called into question. The recording of these costs as ODA has been consistently controversial as many see that these are not in line with ODA’s main objective of promoting the economic development and welfare of developing countries.