Bien que la classe moyenne des pays d’Amérique latine soit croissante et en phase de devenir un moteur de progrès économique, ce groupe reste économiquement vulnérable comparé aux pays de l'OCDE à revenu élevé, selon le rapport du Centre de développement de l'OCDE Perspectives économiques de l’Amérique latine 2011. Les gouvernements latino-américains doivent par conséquent agir pour que les classes moyennes ne tombent pas dans la
En 2009-10, 14 régions dans 11 pays ont été soumises à l'examen de l'OCDE sur l'enseignement supérieur dans le développement régional.
The conference aims to address the links between labour market outcomes and inequality in emerging economies and to consider which labour market and social policies can help governments in alleviating poverty and in promoting more inclusive societies.
The spectacular success of several well-known new ventures in technological fields, which in little more than a decade have jumped from the state of start-ups to that of top international businesses, has pointed to innovation as a key factor in the high growth of firms. These high-growth enterprises often drive job creation and innovation, so policy makers are increasingly making such companies a key focus. Specifically, how can government policy foster the creation of more high-growth enterprises; what are the growth factors, and how can they be leveraged; what are the appropriate ways to provide such support?
To help answer these questions, this report presents findings from two new research studies: (1) reports from 15 countries (Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and Tunisia) that provide interesting insights into the operations of and challenges faced by high-growth enterprises; (2) a policy survey by the OECD Working Party on SMEs and Entrepreneurship, which reviewed more than 340 programmes that policy makers in 24 countries have put in place to support the growth of enterprises.
Some of this report’s findings may surprise: any firm can be a growth company; growth is almost always a temporary phase; high-growth small firms are funded mostly by debt, not equity. These and many more insights are summarised and analysed, providing policy makers with ideas on how to power growth at the firm level.
Ce rapport examine les interventions sur le marché prises dans dix grandes économies émergentes face à la hausse des cours internationaux des produits de base en 2006-08 ; les répercussions de ces mesures ; leur efficacité au regard des résultats visés et les conclusions pour l’action publique.
This seminar brings together policy makers from Latin America and economists from academia, international organisations and the private sector to discuss policies that would help Latin American countries to strengthen their growth potential.
Growth and Sustainability in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa is based on the proceedings of a conference, organised by the OECD, on the growth performance of these large emerging-market economies.
A report on how growth in demand for agricultural products has evolved in developing and emerging economies, notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia and China (the so-called BRIIC countries).
As a result of details provided to the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, Brazil and Indonesia are now ranked in the category of jurisdictions that have substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.
Brazil has recently delivered remarkable performance in economic, social and financial terms. However, Brazil still needs to address longer-term challenges to continue to bolster the economy’s growth potential and close the gap in living standards in relation to the OECD area at a faster pace.