Water is abundant in Brazil, but unevenly distributed across regions and users. Remarkable progress to reform the sector has been achieved since the 1997 National Water Law, but economic, climate and urbanisation trends generate threats that may jeopardize national growth and development. The consequences are particularly acute in regions where tensions across water users already exist or are likely to grow. The report is the
Agriculture and the agro-processing sector in Brazil have shown impressive growth over the past two decades. This has largely been driven by productivity improvements and structural adjustment resulting from broad economic reforms, as well as new technologies developed by agricultural science. Government policy and industry initiatives are increasingly focused on the sustainability of agricultural development.
Brazil is a South-South co-operation provider. Brazil’s 2010 development co-operation programme figures remain its most recent (published in IPEA and ABC, 2013); no new figures were published in 2014. These figures – at USD 923 million – include activities that are not or not entirely included as development co-operation in DAC statistics. The OECD estimates that of these, USD 500 million would meet the criteria for ODA
Les estimation du soutien aux producteurs (ESP) et du soutien aux consommateurs (ESC) servent à suivre et évaluer le niveau et la composition du soutien financier public à l'agriculture.
Overall, this year’s Outlook provides further evidence that markets are returning to more “normal” conditions after a period of unusually high and volatile prices. This year’s report also contains a special focus on Brazil, the world’s second largest supplier of agricultural products and the foremost exporter in meeting additional global demand.
Taxation is a key tool by which governments can influence energy use to contain its environmental impacts. This report provides a systematic analysis of the structure and level of energy taxes in OECD and selected other countries, including Brazil; together, they cover 80% of global energy use.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
Ministers expressed full support for the OECD’s global relations strategy, as an essential element to increase its impact and relevance. This strategy has been the centrepiece of Secretary-General Angel Gurría’s vision to transform the Organisation into a more inclusive, global policy network and a prime forum for evidence-based policy exchange and global standard setting.
Our collaboration with Brazil began more than 20 years ago. Since then, Brazil’s participation has grown and highlights the importance that Brazil attaches to helping lead – and shape – the OECD’s work.
« Qu’est-ce que la cité, sinon le peuple ? » s’exclame Shakespeare dans Coriolan. En effet, la population et la qualité de vie sont toujours au cœur de la planification urbaine. Au Brésil, les grandes agglomérations ont pris forme dans les années 1950, lorsque le pays comptait environ 52 millions d’habitants, dont 36,2 % seulement dans les villes.