The average worker in Austria faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 49.1% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Austria was ranked 3 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
The International Energy Agency's 2014 review of Austria’s energy policy analyses the energy policy challenges facing Austria and provides sectoral studies and recommendations for further policy improvements. It finds that Austria's energy policy rests on three pillars – security of supply, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
The country’s decarbonisation drive has strengthened as the economy and renewable energy use have continued to grow, while fossil fuel use has decreased. Notably, Austria has more than tripled the public funding for energy research, development and demonstration since 2007.
Greenhouse gas emissions from energy use, which peaked in 2005, still need to be reduced further, and the transport sector offers prime opportunities for this. In the context of EU negotiations on an energy and climate policy framework to 2030, Austria should develop a strategy that also integrates security of supply and internal market dimensions.
Closer cross-border integration of both electricity and natural gas markets and systems is required to build a single European market. This calls for increased co-ordination and co-operation with neighbouring countries. Austria should also encourage investment in networks, optimise demand response and integrate variable renewable energy supply in a cost-effective and market-based manner.
A well-functioning internal market can help reduce the growing concerns over energy prices and costs, both for industry and for citizens. Austria could address these concerns also by implementing more energy efficiency measures and facilitating greater retail market competition.
Individual country notes assessing how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of society.
English, PDF, 397kb
Note summarising the performance of 15-year-old students in Austria in the PISA 2012 assessment of mathematics, reading and science.
English, PDF, 344kb
Highlights for Austria from Pensions at a Glance which is a comprehensive examination of pension systems in OECD and selected non-OECD countries looking at recent trends in retirement and working at older ages, evolving life expectancy, design of pension systems, pension entitlements, and private pensions.
These country notes contain indicators which compare the political and institutional frameworks of national governments as well as revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation. They include a description of government policies on integrity, e-government and open government.
Grâce à la politique gouvernementale de subventions aux investissements verts, le secteur des biens et services environnementaux revêt aujourd’hui une plus grande importance pour l’économie et l’emploi en Autriche que des secteurs traditionnellement importants comme le tourisme ou le bâtiment. C’est ce qui ressort d’un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
Selon une nouvelle étude publiée par l'OCDE, la crise économique mondiale a eu d’importantes répercussions sur le bien-être des populations, qui s’étendent bien au-delà des suppressions d’emplois et de la perte de revenus puisqu’elles influent sur la satisfaction des individus à l’égard de leur vie et sur leur confiance dans les pouvoirs publics.
Ce rapport fait l’analyse des questions clés qui sont nécessaires pour dégager le cadre de référence futur pour une bonne gestion de la politique et des réformes de réglementation.
This short thematic paper summarises the key findings of the study visit.