Reports


  • 19-April-2013

    English

    Education Policy Outlook Snapshot: Australia

    Education Policy Outlook reviews the current context and situation of the country’s education system and examine its challenges and policy responses.

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  • 11-December-2012

    English

    Activating Jobseekers - How Australia Does It

    This report on the recent Australian experience with activation policies contains valuable lessons for other countries that need to improve the effectiveness of employment services and control benefit expenditure. It provides overview and assessment of labour market policies in Australia including the main institutions, benefit system, training programmes, employment incentives, and disability employment assistance.

    Australia is unique among OECD countries in that its mainstream employment services are all delivered by over 100 for-profit and non-profit providers competing in a “quasi-market”, with their operations financed by service fees, employment outcome payments, and a special fund for measures that tackle jobseekers’ barriers to employment. In most other OECD countries, these services are delivered by the Public Employment Service. In the mid 2000s, several benefits previously paid without a job-search requirement were closed or reformed, bringing more people into the effective labour force.

    Australia now has one of the highest employment rates in the OECD and this report concludes that its activation system deserves some of the credit for this relatively good performance. The Job Services Australia model, introduced in 2009, reinforced the focus on employment outcomes for highly-disadvantaged groups. This report assesses the latest model for activation and puts forward some recommendations to improve its effectiveness.

  • 19-November-2012

    English

    Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Australia 2012

    The IEA's 2012 review of Australia's energy policies and programmes finds that Australia enjoys the benefit of abundant and diverse energy resources; it is the world’s ninth-largest energy producer and is one of only three net energy exporters in the OECD. Its substantial conventional energy resource base includes coal, natural gas, oil and uranium. The country also enjoys extensive wind, solar and geothermal resources as well as large biomass and ocean energy potential.

    The energy sector is a significant contributor to the Australian economy. Exports have more than tripled over the past decade and surging economic and social expansion in relatively nearby emerging economies such as China and India has driven significant demand for Australian energy and mineral resources. This boom is widely forecast to continue in the coming decades.

    Late in 2011, the Australian government released a draft energy white paper, which sets out a comprehensive strategic policy framework to guide the development of the energy sector. Also in 2011, the Australian government announced a climate change plan including a wide-ranging package of clean-energy proposals and the introduction of a carbon price mechanism accompanied by significant levels of financial support for innovation in clean-energy technologies.

    The scale of Australia’s energy policy ambitions is enormous and very costly even for a resource-rich nation. Significant investments will be needed for the clean-energy transition and building the infrastructure necessary to expand the domestic resource base. This review analyses the energy-policy challenges facing Australia and provides critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.

  • 8-August-2012

    English

  • 11-July-2012

    English, PDF, 123kb

    Briefing note for the OECD Employment Outlook 2012: Australia

    Australia’s labour market continues to perform well in comparison with other major developed countries. The unemployment rate, at 5.1% in May 2012, is among the lowest in the OECD.

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  • 11-juin-2012

    Français

    Études par pays des systèmes budgétaires

    Le groupe de travail des Hauts responsables du budget (HRB) entreprend des examens nationaux des systèmes budgétaires.

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  • 23-February-2012

    English

    Improving Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems: OECD Conference Proceedings

    How can government policies move towards increasing agricultural innovation and improving productivity? This OECD conference shared case studies and ideas from Europe, China, United States, India, Africa, Brazil, Australia and New Zealand.

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  • 11-January-2012

    English

    Enabling Local Green Growth: Addressing Climate Change Effects on Employment and Local Development

    This report summarises the analysis, findings and policy recommendations from the project on Climate Change, Employment and Local Development undertaken by the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme.

  • 15-December-2011

    English

    Society at a Glance - Asia/Pacific Edition 2011

    Society at a Glance – Asia/Pacific Edition 2011 offers a concise quantitative overview of social trends and policies across Asia/Pacific countries and economies.

  • 21-novembre-2011

    Français

    Politique de l’environnement et comportement des ménages

    Les habitudes de consommation et le comportement des ménages ont des répercussions sur les stocks de ressources naturelles et la qualité de l’environnement qui devraient s’accentuer durant les années à venir. C’est pourquoi les gouvernements ont adopté une large panoplie de mesures afin d’inciter les consommateurs à intégrer le souci de l’environnement dans leurs achats et leurs habitudes.

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