Australia’s health system functions remarkably well, despite operating under a complex set of institutions that make coordinating patient care difficult. Complications arising from a split in federal and state government funding and responsibilities are central to these challenges. This fragmented health care system can disrupt the continuity of patient care, lead to a duplication of services and leave gaps in care provision. Supervision of these health services by different levels of government can manifest in avoidable impediments such as the poor transfer of health information, and pose difficulties for patients navigating the health system. Adding to the Australian system’s complexity is a mix of services delivered through both the public and private sectors. To ease health system fragmentation and promote more integrated services, Australia should adopt a national approach to quality and performance through an enhanced federal government role in steering policy, funding and priority setting. The states, in turn, should take on a strengthened role as health service providers, with responsibility for primary care devolved to the states to better align it with hospital services and community care. A more strategic role for the centre should also leave room for the strategic development of health services at the regional level, encouraging innovation that is responsive to local population need, particularly in rural and remote areas.
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Australia performs well in terms of overall population health status. At 82.2 years, life expectancy is the sixth highest in the OECD, and the country’s record on breast and colorectal cancer survival is among the best. Australia has one of the lowest rates of tobacco consumption (12.8% of the population aged 15 and over), but it is the fifth most obese country in the OECD (28.3% of the population aged 15 and over).
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This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2015.
En 2014, les apports nets d’APD de l’Australie se sont élevés à 4.2 milliards USD (données provisoires), soit 0.27 % de son revenu national brut (RNB) et une baisse de 7.2 % en termes réels par rapport à 2013. L’APD de l’Australie a reculé depuis 2012, tant en volume qu’en pourcentage du RNB. Le gouvernement actuel n’a pas retenu l’objectif de 0.5 % pour le rapport APD/RNB.
Australia’s agriculture and food industries are well placed to contribute to the economy’s future growth given the robust prospects of global food demand and the continuing high international competitiveness of these sectors. There are, however, important challenges that call for new ways to exploit agricultural resources and human capital. The decade-long decline in agricultural productivity growth needs to be overcome, coupled with the need to accommodate uncertainties about the impacts of climate change and to respond to societal demands in the areas of sustainable development and animal welfare. The agro-food sector also needs to absorb exchange-rate and cost pressures created by the mining boom. To tap additional opportunities of the higher value food segments, Australian agri-businesses need new knowledge and capabilities to seize demand signals and value opportunities, particularly from more affluent consumers in Asian markets.
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Australia’s employment rate remains well above the OECD average. In the first quarter of 2015, the rate for 15-64 year-olds was 71.7%, 5.7 percentage points (ppts) above the OECD average. However, labour market conditions have been deteriorating steadily over the past four years, and Australia is no longer one of the best performing countries in the OECD area.
Base de données Statistiques de l'OCDE sur la santé 2015 - Notes par pays
A dashboard of key government indicators by country, to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.
Les estimation du soutien aux producteurs (ESP) et du soutien aux consommateurs (ESC) servent à suivre et évaluer le niveau et la composition du soutien financier public à l'agriculture.
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Australia has been successful at reducing the mortality due to cardiovascular diseases. The mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has decreased over the past 50 years at a faster pace than the OECD average, reaching 208 per 100 000 population, 30% lower than the OECD average of 299 in 2011.