Since the start of the crisis, a growing number of OECD countries have been reporting declining inward and outward FDI, a phenomenon that could be described as ‘investment de-globalisation’. Governments must take immediate and vigorous action to reverse such trends by removing unnecessary barriers and complexities that hinder investment, said OECD Secretary-General.
A good produced in the European Union and exported to the United States may include raw materials from China, Australia, and Malaysia, and it may use services from Japan, Canada, and India. Goods and services are no longer produced in one country and sold to consumers in a second country; production is fragmented around the world and components are traded across borders multiple times.
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The ability to measure innovation is essential to an improvement strategy in education. This country note analyses how the practices are changing within classrooms and educational organisations and how teachers develop and use their pedagogical resources.
Les chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM) constituent un aspect essentiel de l’économie mondiale qui a des effets sur la croissance, l’emploi et le développement, mais il reste de nombreux défis à relever pour que tous les pays et toutes les entreprises aient la possibilité d’y participer et d'en bénéficier.
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PISA 2012 financial literacy results focusing on the performance of Australia amongst 17 other countries and economies who participated in the assessment: Belgium (Flemish Community), Shanghai-China, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Israel, Italy, Latvia, New Zealand, Poland, Russia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and the United States.
The average worker in Australia faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 27.4% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Australia was ranked 27 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
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Analysis for Australia from OECD trade facilitation indicators that identify areas where countries can improve border procedures, reduce trade costs, boost trade flows and reap greater benefits from international trade.
Australia has recently seen a slowdown in growth, with declining resource-sector investment, weak commodity prices and hesitant investment elsewhere in the economy, although the exchange-rate depreciation is helping the economy to adjust.
Although the recovery is strengthening in advanced economies, the growth engine of the world economy is still not firing on all 4 cylinders: high unemployment and widespread underemployment hold back demand; investment is below its long-term trend - so is international trade; and credit to the private sector has been flat in several countries of the G20.
Australia has weathered the global economic crisis relatively well and enjoyed robust growth in per capita income, fostered by favourable terms of trade and high employment rates. However, productivity gains have slowed in recent years and the level remains below that of leading OECD countries.