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Policies to Manage Agricultural Groundwater Use - country profile Australia
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
L’Australie devrait améliorer l’intégration des services de santé tout au long du parcours de soins des patients afin de se préparer à l’augmentation des maladies chroniques et simplifier le système de santé pour les patients, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
Australia’s health system functions remarkably well, despite operating under a complex set of institutions that make coordinating patient care difficult. Complications arising from a split in federal and state government funding and responsibilities are central to these challenges. This fragmented health care system can disrupt the continuity of patient care, lead to a duplication of services and leave gaps in care provision. Supervision of these health services by different levels of government can manifest in avoidable impediments such as the poor transfer of health information, and pose difficulties for patients navigating the health system. Adding to the Australian system’s complexity is a mix of services delivered through both the public and private sectors. To ease health system fragmentation and promote more integrated services, Australia should adopt a national approach to quality and performance through an enhanced federal government role in steering policy, funding and priority setting. The states, in turn, should take on a strengthened role as health service providers, with responsibility for primary care devolved to the states to better align it with hospital services and community care. A more strategic role for the centre should also leave room for the strategic development of health services at the regional level, encouraging innovation that is responsive to local population need, particularly in rural and remote areas.
En 2014, les apports nets d’APD de l’Australie se sont élevés à 4.2 milliards USD (données provisoires), soit 0.27 % de son revenu national brut (RNB) et une baisse de 7.2 % en termes réels par rapport à 2013. L’APD de l’Australie a reculé depuis 2012, tant en volume qu’en pourcentage du RNB. Le gouvernement actuel n’a pas retenu l’objectif de 0.5 % pour le rapport APD/RNB.
Australia’s agriculture and food industries are well placed to contribute to the economy’s future growth given the robust prospects of global food demand and the continuing high international competitiveness of these sectors. There are, however, important challenges that call for new ways to exploit agricultural resources and human capital. The decade-long decline in agricultural productivity growth needs to be overcome, coupled with the need to accommodate uncertainties about the impacts of climate change and to respond to societal demands in the areas of sustainable development and animal welfare. The agro-food sector also needs to absorb exchange-rate and cost pressures created by the mining boom. To tap additional opportunities of the higher value food segments, Australian agri-businesses need new knowledge and capabilities to seize demand signals and value opportunities, particularly from more affluent consumers in Asian markets.
A dashboard of key government indicators by country, to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.
Soucieux d’appuyer les efforts internationaux déployés en vue de renforcer la coopération contre la fraude fiscale extraterritoriale, sept nouveaux pays ont rejoint l’accord sur l’échange automatique de renseignements conforme à la norme établie par l’OCDE et le G20.
Notice biographique du Représentant permanent de l'Australie auprès de l'OCDE.
A striking variety of policy instruments are used in Victoria, Australia to achieve conservation objectives. These include highly active voluntary programmes, a variety of conservation grants, and a reverse auction for the provision of ecosystem services, known as EcoTender. An open question regarding such payments for ecosystem services (i.e. grants and tenders) is whether they achieve ‘additionality.’