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Economic growth has played a major role in lifting people out of poverty. However, there is increasing evidence that many of these people did not move up to the middle classes but into an intermediate state of “vulnerability”. Poverty continues to affect millions of people around the world, said OECD Secretary-General.
In a large majority of OECD countries, wage gaps widened and household income inequality increased during the three decades prior to the crisis. Inequalities have also been growing in many emerging economies and developing countries, despite their fast growth over the last years, said OECD Secretary-General.
Our economic growth models have not equitably distribute benefits. Inequalities were brewing under the surface prior to 2007 and increased almost everywhere even during periods of sustained economic growth. We need to reverse this trend, said OECD Secretary-General.
The fiscal and taxation reforms will be more than ever necessary in China to ensure that growth becomes more inclusive. So far, China has had a major success in reducing the poverty. But additional tax reforms will be needed to reduce further inequality in disposable income and across regions, as well as to help reduce the rural-urban divide.
The OECD and China are building a new partnership based on growing collaboration in key policy areas: from social inclusion to urbanisation; from education to green growth; from energy efficiency to corporate governance and taxes, said OECD Secretary-General.
China enjoys a more stable and balanced growth and is now definitely on course to become the world’s largest economy around 2016. But major reforms are still needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, said OECD Secretary-General.
In a highly integrated and interdependent global economy, trade liberalisation is essential to foster competition, innovation and development. The rising importance of Global Value Chains is clear proof of how many countries can benefit from the creation, production and export of a given product, said OECD Secretary-General.
Le gouvernement français a engagé des réformes importantes au cours des derniers mois mais pour ramenener la confiance et sortir définitivement de la crise, il doit poursuivre son action dans trois domaines étroitement liés : l’assainissement des finances publiques, le redressement de la compétitivité des entreprises et la réforme du marché du travail.
Aujourd’hui, la France, comme de nombreux pays de l’OCDE avant elle, se lance dans une réforme profonde et ambitieuse de son système d’éducation. La réussite de la réforme en France ne pourra se faire sans une réflexion sur le métier des enseignants qui jouent un rôle fondamental dans l’avenir de nos enfants, a déclaré le Secrétaire général de l'OCDE.
The quality of teachers is one of the most important factors in student outcomes. But our policies to improve teacher quality will only succeed if we effectively evaluate and measure performance. Evaluating teachers reflects a commitment to the improvement of this most valuable and important profession, said Angel Gurría.