Opening remarks by Angel Gurría,
OECD, Paris, 16 January 2017
(As prepared for delivery)
Dear Ministers, Ambassadors, Ladies and Gentlemen:
Welcome to the 2017 OECD Policy Forum on the Future of Health. Looking back at what we have achieved over the past few decades in the health sector, in many ways the future is looking quite bright. People are living longer, healthier lives. Health data continues to grow exponentially. New health technologies ─ wearables, fitness trackers, and remote monitoring systems ─ are breaking down the information walls of hospitals and clinics, empowering people to assess and monitor better their own health in real time. And new drug treatments tailored to the genetic profile of each individual ─ precision medicine ─ have the potential to revolutionise health care.
These are exciting new frontiers, but important challenges remain as suggested by the targets underlying Sustainable Development Goal 3 to “Ensure Healthy Lives and Promote Well‑being for All at All Ages”. Universal Health Coverage continues to elude many emerging and developing countries. In Europe, poor people are 10 times more likely to report unmet medical needs for financial reasons than rich people. In many advanced and even emerging economies, health budgets are struggling to cope with the simultaneous pressures of an ageing population with multiple chronic diseases, and new high-cost treatments. Many health systems are ill-equipped to capitalise on the opportunities provided by new innovations and technologies. And while health systems across the world are data rich, most are very poor at making use of data to inform policy, practice and patient choices.
The quality of care is also uneven, including for those who need it most. Across the OECD, one in ten patients is adversely affected by preventable errors caused by sub‑standard or inappropriate care. And data on seven OECD countries from the Commonwealth Fund ─ the OECD’s partner in today’s Policy Forum ─ shows that at least one in four high-need adults experience poorly coordinated care. More worrying still, high-need adults express low-levels of confidence in the care provided to them: in six OECD countries, more than 10% of high-need adults thought that a mistake had been made in their treatment or care in the previous two years.
These challenges point to an urgent need to recalibrate health systems and put people squarely at their centre. There are three areas for action:
Professor Porter and the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) have made great progress in this field. We plan to work with them and other institutions to systematically survey patient reported outcomes. If Ministers agree, then we will no longer only assess health system performance on the basis of what they do ─ for example, the quantity of operations or appointments ─ but also on whether medical care leads to people being in less pain, more mobile, and in better physical and mental health.
Ladies and Gentlemen: People-centeredness means treating people, patients, their loved ones, carers and others with compassion, dignity and respect. It means involving them in decision-making about their health and their care. It means doing things ‘with’ people, not ‘to’ them. It means involving people in system design and in policy making. To deliver the people‑centred health systems of tomorrow, we need to change how we provide care and how we measure health systems today. These changes will position us to achieve health outcomes that matter to people ─ rather than focusing simply on those that providers can deliver.
Today, we begin this challenging but vital work. I will now hand over to our moderator, Ms. Hee Kyong Kim, to introduce our first panel.