More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. Shifts in the German diaspora towards European destination countries and higher educational attainment are documented. The largest German diaspora still resides in the United States, but the diaspora in Switzerland and Spain has grown particularly quickly. International students from Germany have even come to represent the largest group of international students from any OECD country. While German emigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes than their peers in Germany, the emigrants work disproportionately often in high-skill occupations. Survey evidence suggests that many Germans in Germany consider emigration and that many German emigrants are open to return. Those who have returned in recent years, however, appear to have a lower educational attainment than those leaving.
Germany is both the OECD’s second-largest country of immigration and one of the main origin countries of emigrants: 3.4 million people born in Germany were living in another OECD country in 2011, says a new OECD report “Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants”.
The Secretary-General was in Berlin to present the 2015 OECD Skills Outlook. He also attended a number of meetings including the International Transport Forum annual summit in Leipzig and the G7 finance summit in Dresden.
Trade and tourism are central to today’s global economy and must be underpinned by efficient and reliable transport systems, which are vital for the smooth functioning of global value chains. Despite the importance of the transport sector, it remains heavily regulated. Furthermore, transport policy can and should play a role in tackling climate change.
Skills drive economic growth and can boost social cohesion. With growth increasingly driven by productivity improvements, the future economic and social well-being of OECD countries will depend upon providing our young people with the right skills to succeed in the 21st century job market.
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This country note provides information on latest trends in income inequalities as well as key findings from the 2015 OECD report "In it Together: Why less inequality benefits all".
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Levels of alcohol consumption in Germany are among the highest in the OECD, but have been declining in the past 30 years. In 2012, an average of 11 litres of pure alcohol per capita was consumed in Germany, compared with an estimate of 9.1 litres in the OECD.
We, in the OECD, share the conviction that investment is one of the key cylinders of the global economy – but it needs new fuel and probably another kick-start to function again properly, in order to support a stronger and more inclusive recovery in Europe and on a global scale.
Mr. Gurría delivered a keynote speech at a conference on policy options for more investment in Germany and Europe. He also met Mr. Sigmar Gabriel, Vice Chancellor of Germany, as well as other high-level German officials and Kristalina Georgieva, EU-Vice President and Commissioner for Budget and Staff.
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Germany has the 3rd highest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries. The average single worker in Germany faced a tax wedge of 49.3% in 2014 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.