Le Secrétaire général de l’OCDE, Angel Gurría, salue l’initiative du Président François Hollande et de la Chancelière Angela Merkel de proposer une réponse structurelle et ambitieuse à la crise actuelle des réfugiés.
More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. Shifts in the German diaspora towards European destination countries and higher educational attainment are documented. The largest German diaspora still resides in the United States, but the diaspora in Switzerland and Spain has grown particularly quickly. International students from Germany have even come to represent the largest group of international students from any OECD country. While German emigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes than their peers in Germany, the emigrants work disproportionately often in high-skill occupations. Survey evidence suggests that many Germans in Germany consider emigration and that many German emigrants are open to return. Those who have returned in recent years, however, appear to have a lower educational attainment than those leaving.
Germany is both the OECD’s second-largest country of immigration and one of the main origin countries of emigrants: 3.4 million people born in Germany were living in another OECD country in 2011, says a new OECD report “Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants”.
En 2013, l’immigration nette vers l’Allemagne a concerné près de 437 000 personnes, ce qui représente une augmentation sensible par rapport aux années précédentes (370 000 en 2012).
Cette revue analyse les éléments clés du système allemand de gestion des migrations de travail, tant du point de vue de l’offre que de la demande. (Cette publication est disponible en Allemand et en Anglais)