New data collected by the World Health Organisation shows that outdoor air pollution kills over three and a half million people worldwide every year – far more than was previously estimated. Air pollution has now become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and lack of clean drinking water, warned OECD Secretary-General at the International Transport Forum Summit.
The Secretary-General will deliver remarks in the Forum’s opening plenary on “Transport for a Changing World: Thinking Beyond the Trends – Shaping Responses”. He will also participate in this year’s Ministers’ roundtable on aviation, which will focus on expanding airport capacity.
Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.
Strong growth in emerging countries over much of the past decade has substantially boosted developing countries’ share of the global economy. In 2011, non-OECD countries accounted for more than 50% of the world’s GDP, expressed in purchasing power parities. The BRIICS alone accounted for about 30%, said OECD Secretary-General.
La réussite économique que connaît actuellement l’Allemagne lui offre un cadre propice pour atteindre une croissance durable et inclusive, mais plus de réformes seront nécessaires à moyen et long termes, selon la dernière Étude économique sur l’Allemagne de l’OCDE.
“Our experience has shown that reforms are usually enacted in times of crisis, as there may be no other option,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría during the Survey launch in Berlin. “However, reform processes should continue in good times. For Germany, this means that the country should act now to embark on a more inclusive and resilient growth path.”
Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will be in Berlin on 13 and 14 May 2014 to attend the annual meeting that Chancellor Angela Merkel holds with the heads of some leading International Organisations.
The average worker in Germany faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 49.3% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Germany was ranked 2 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
English, PDF, 413kb
Note summarising the performance of German 15-year-old students in the PISA 2012 assessment of problem solving.
Une reprise est en cours dans les économies avancées du monde, étayée par des conditions financières favorables et un relâchement du freinage exercé par le resserrement budgétaire, mais la situation de l'activité est contrastée dans les grandes économies de marché émergentes, selon la dernière Évaluation économique intermédiaire de l'OCDE.