Les taxes carbone et les systèmes d’échange de droits d’émission constituent les moyens les plus économiques pour faire baisser les émissions de CO2 et devraient être la clé de voûte des efforts gouvernementaux de lutte contre le changement climatique. C’est ce qui ressort d’une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.
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This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Germany. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.
To help inform the Conference on Managing Hospital Volumes, co-organised by the German Federal Ministry of Health and the OECD, and held on the 11th April 2013 in Berlin, the OECD Secretariat produced a paper to provide an international perspective on Germany’s situation and the current policy debate.
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulated German Chancellor Angela Merkel on her re-election for a third term.
Une reprise modérée est en cours dans les grandes économies avancées, d'après la dernière Évaluation économique intermédiaire de l'OCDE. La croissance avance à un rythme encourageant aux États-Unis, au Japon et au Royaume-Uni. La zone euro dans son ensemble est sortie de la récession bien que la production reste faible dans plusieurs pays.
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OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training. A Skills beyond School Review of Germany.
The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.
Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will be in Heidelberg on Monday 1st July 213, to attend the “Tidewater 2013” event. The Secretary-General will attend the discussions on “Modernising Development Finance” and on “Climate Financing”.
Since the IEA last reviewed Germany’s energy policies in 2007, the country has taken two fundamental policy decisions that will guide its energy policy in coming decades. In September 2010, the federal government adopted the Energy Concept, a comprehensive new strategy for a long-term integrated energy pathway to 2050. Following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident in March 2011, Germany decided to accelerate the phase-out of nuclear power by 2022 starting with the immediate closure of the eight oldest plants. This decision resulted in the adoption of a new suite of policy measures, determined renewable energy as the cornerstone of future energy supply, a set of policy instruments commonly known as the Energiewende.
In order to achieve the ambitious energy transformation set out in the Energiewende, by 2030 half of all electricity supply will come from renewable energy sources; Germany must continue to develop cost-effective market-based approaches which will support the forecast growth of variable renewable generation. Furthermore, the costs and benefits need to be allocated in a fair and transparent way among all market participants, especially households.
Renewable energy capacity must expand alongside the timely development of the transmission and distribution networks. In addition, a stable regulatory system is necessary to ensure long-term finance to network operators. Furthermore, close monitoring of Germany’s ability to meet electricity demand at peak times should continue in the medium term.
Energy policy decisions in Germany inevitably have an impact beyond the country’s borders and must be taken within the context of a broader European energy policy framework and in close consultation with its neighbours.
This review analyses the energy-policy challenges facing Germany and provides recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
At the Summit, Mr. Gurría will deliver remarks and participate in a Ministers’ Roundtable on "Attracting New Sources of Private Finance to Transport Infrastructure". He will also present an OECD Transport Working Paper: “Mobilising Private Investment in Sustainable Transport: the Case of Land-Based Passenger Transport Infrastructure”.