Food prices are literally a matter of life and death, especially for the poorest of the poor, who already spend up to 80% or 90% of their income on food. Unfortunately, our medium term projections for global supply, demand and prices of agricultural commodities show that most prices look likely to trend significantly higher in the coming decade.
Trade in processed agricultural products, such as chocolates, steaks or wines, has increased between emerging economies, as have exports from emerging to high-income countries. However, trade in these products is still dominated by high-income countries.
More efficient and equitable agricultural policies will require better targeting of income support and, in turn, better information on the income and wealth situation of the agricultural population, according to this study of Canada, the United States and the European Union.
A focus on reducing market price support is the key to effective agricultural policy reform, says this study of farm reforms in the United States, European Union, Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico and Switzerland.
South-South and Latin American regional trade agreements (RTAs) have progressed most in eliminating agricultural trade tariffs. However, the dairy, meat, sugar and cereal sectors are still often protected by exemptions such as tariff rate quotas (TRQs).
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Le 50e anniversaire de l'OCDE offre l’opportunité de réaffirmer les buts et l’objet de notre Organisation : aider les gouvernements de nos pays membres et partenaires à concevoir et mettre en œuvre des politiques meilleures pour une vie meilleure.
U.S. agricultural policy reform should continue its recent shift towards less distortion of production and trade, notably with market-based approaches for support programmes and agricultural risk management, according to this study of reforms since 1985.
Fisheries reform is driven by economic forces, not environmental crisis. Policy makers must involve all stakeholders in supporting and sustaining reforms, as seen in these case studies of Iceland, Korea, Mexico, Norway and New Zealand.
Ces articles considèrent les réformes récentes de la Politique Agricole Commune (PAC) en prenant en considération le régime de paiement unique, ainsi que les quotas et la restructuration dans les secteurs sucrier et laitier. (En anglais)