Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.
This OECD database is a compilation of policies relating to support within the fertiliser and biofuels sectors of several countries. The data cover the period from 1995 to 2012 for biofuels and from 2000 to 2012 for fertilisers, depending on data availability.
Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.
Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.
Eliminating global hunger is more about raising the incomes of the poor than an issue of food prices. This study considers how changes to the world’s food and agriculture system can contribute to improvements in food security in developing countries, and the policy recommendations proposed seek to improve the coherence of OECD countries’ policies and contribute to multilateral initiatives towards global food security.
What role can governments play in agricultural innovation? This report reviews recent trends in agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and looks at how governments can contribute to agricultural productivity and sustainability by fostering innovation in the agri-food sector.
Environ 850 millions de personnes dans le monde souffrent de sous-nutrition et elles vivent pour la plupart avec moins d’un dollar par jour. Les deux tiers des pauvres habitent dans les zones rurales, où l’agriculture est la principale activité économique.
How do small farms in developing countries manage risk? This paper assesses farm-level agricultural risk management strategies in Brazil, China and Viet Nam. Farmers in developing countries often rely on community strategies such as crop sharing, or deplete their assets and so perpetuate poverty. Policies to promote investment, such as access to credit and insurance, can help smallholders move out of poverty or into the non-farm sector.
The growing food security and poverty challenges that we face deserve our special attention. Experience has shown that only through sharing best practices and lessons learned can we develop more targeted policies and coordinate our efforts at promoting agricultural development through innovation, said Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General.
De quelle manière l’agriculture mondiale va-t-elle se développer au cours de la décennie à venir et quel rôle jouera la Chine ? Compte-tenu du développement limité des terres arables et de l’augmentation des coûts de production, l’offre pourra-t-elle être à la hauteur du rythme de la demande pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire ?