The US food and agriculture sector is innovative, competitive and export-oriented. Changes in national and global demand offer further opportunities for US agri-food products, although climate change and other resource constraints could create additional challenges, in particular in some regions. Maintaining high productivity growth, while improving the sustainable use of resources will require further innovation. In a policy environment generally favourable to investment and innovation, the strong US agricultural innovation system is expected to continue to create innovations that will be widely adopted, to the extent that these can be widely accepted.
This OECD expert workshop will bring together experts to assess available data and methodologies to calculate both Total Factor Productivity and Environmentally Adjusted Total Factor Productivity for the aggregate agricultural sector.
Together countries and organisations can support efforts to fight fisheries related crimes by sharing good practices, collaborating on projects and promoting effective inter-agency co-operation at national, regional and international level.
Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.
La récente période de prix élevés des produits agricoles de base est très probablement terminée, estiment l’OCDE et la FAO dans la dernière édition de leurs Perspectives à dix ans. Mais les deux organisations appellent à la vigilance, car la probabilité d’une forte fluctuation des prix reste importante.
Les pouvoirs publics doivent mettre en œuvre des politiques plus ambitieuses pour relever les défis mondiaux auxquels est confrontée l'agriculture, et notamment abandonner le soutien direct aux producteurs au profit d'une assistance accrue en faveur de systèmes d'innovation qui améliorent la productivité et la durabilité, selon un nouveau rapport de l'OCDE.
Les ministres de l’Agriculture des pays membres de l’OCDE et de ses partenaires dans le monde entier se réuniront au siège de l’Organisation, à Paris, les 7 et 8 avril 2016. Leurs réflexions auront pour thème : « Des politiques meilleures pour un système alimentaire mondial productif, durable et résilient ».
11 March, Paris, France: This high-level launch event included a panel discussion that addressed the potential impacts of companies operating in agricultural supply chains on human, labour and tenure rights.
“If He holds back the waters, there is drought; if He lets them loose, they devastate the land”. To be fair, that was in the days before governments played “a key role in developing targeted policy responses to market failures that impede the mitigation and allocation of drought and flood risks”, as the OECD report on Mitigating Droughts and Floods in Agriculture puts it.
Drought in California has been in the headlines frequently these last three years, with startling pictures of empty reservoirs, rivers and canals, wildfires, disappearing snowpack and dry earth. Yet these dramatic effects have not stopped the agricultural sector from growing.