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Faciliter le changement de politique en faveur d'une utilisation durable de l'eau en agriculture

 

Introduction

Washington DC, Etats-Unis | 29-30 mai 2018

L’atelier avait pour objectif de formuler des recommandations sur la manière de parvenir à un changement de politique efficace à l’interface eau-agriculture afin de relever les défis de la quantité et de la qualité de l’eau de l’agriculture et de contribuer à une utilisation plus durable de l’eau. L'atelier a examiné les résultats de la recherche et échangé des expériences pratiques sur la manière dont les gouvernements et d'autres acteurs peuvent faciliter le changement des politiques agricoles et de l'eau.

L'accent a été mis sur les mesures politiques qui se sont révélées difficiles à concevoir, à adopter et à mettre en œuvre: conservation de l'eau sous une raréfaction croissante, réglementation de l'utilisation des eaux souterraines pour contrôler l'épuisement des aquifères, tarification de l'utilisation de l'eau dans l'agriculture, réforme des subventions favorisant l'utilisation de l'eau ou des intrants polluants, et réglementer la pollution agricole non ponctuelle.

 

Documents et présentations

 

Sessions

Session 1: Core Drivers to Changing Agricultural and Water policies

  • Reforming Water Policies in Agriculture, Guillaume Gruère (Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD, Paris) and Colette Ashley (University of Chicago)
  • Insights on Political Economy of Reform, Stuti Khemani (Development Research, World Bank)
  • Increasing Water Risks as a Core Driver, Catherine Gamper (Directorate for Public Governance, OECD, Washington, DC)
  • Transition to a Maturing Water Economy as a Core Driver, David Trèguer (Agriculture Global Practice, World Bank)
  • Core Drivers in the Western United States, Sharon B. Megdal (Water Resources Research Center, University of Arizona, Tucson)
  • Environmental Considerations as a Core Driver in the European Union, Bettina Doeser (Clean Water Unit, General Environment Directorate, European Commission, Brussels)


Session 2: Effective Water Conservation under Scarcity

  • Clarifying Objectives, Concepts and Contexts for Effective Water Conservation, Meredith Giordano (International Water Management Institute, Washington, DC)
  • Measuring the Impact of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program on Water Conservation in the United States, Steven Wallander (Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture)
  • Assessing the Effects of Resource Conservation Technologies on Water Savings in Pakistan, Mark Giordano (School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, DC)
  • How Effective Are the Investments for Environmental Water Savings in Australia?, Quentin Grafton (Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, Canberra)
  • Korea’s Agricultural Drought Policy and Action Plan under Climate Change, Kwangya Lee (Agricultural Drought Mitigation Center, Korea Rural Community Corporation, Daejeon)


Session 3: Regulation of Groundwater Irrigation in Areas Facing Depletion

  • New Developments in Groundwater Policy in the United States, Nicholas Brozović (Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute, University of Nebraska)
  • Evolution of Groundwater Management in Peru, Juan Carlos Sevilla (Integrated Water Resources Management in Ten Basins Project, Lima)
  • Regulation of Groundwater Irrigation in Jordan, Hazim El Naser (former Jordanian Minister of Water and Irrigation, Amman)
  • Towards Sustainable Groundwater Irrigation in France’s Cereal Belt, Nina Graveline (Water, Environment and Ecotechnology Division, Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, BRGM, Montpellier)


Session 4: Pathways to Reduce Water Harmful Subsidies in Agriculture

  • The Challenges of Reducing Water-related Subsidies in Agriculture, Ariel Dinar (School of Public Policy, University of California, Riverside)
  • Fertilizer and Electricity for Groundwater Irrigation: Insights from India, Surupa Gupta (Department of Political Science and International Affairs, University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg)
  • Addressing Water Scarcity: EU Common Agricultural Policy Choices, Jesus Zorrilla Torras (Minister Counselor for Agriculture, Delegation of the European Union to the United States)
  • Addressing Groundwater-Harmful Subsidies in India, Tushaar Shah (International Water Management Institute, Delhi);

 

Session 5: Water Charges in Agriculture

  • The Challenges of Charging for Agricultural Water, Susanne Scheierling (Water Global Practice, World Bank)
  • Agricultural Water Pricing: Findings from Case Studies in Europe, Julio Berbel (Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Córdoba) and Alfonso Expósito (Department of Economic Analysis and Political Economy, University of Sevilla)
  • Brazil’s Experience with Water Charges in Agriculture, Jose Luiz Gomes Zoby (National Water Agency, ANA, Brasilia)
  • Water Charging in Israel’s Irrigated Agriculture, Eran Shostak (Economic Planning, Israel Water Authority, Tel Aviv)

 

Session 6: Regulations for Nonpoint Source Pollution

  • Regulating Nonpoint Source Pollution, James Shortle (College of Agricultural Sciences Environment and Natural Resources Institute, and Center for Nutrient Pollution Solutions, Pennsylvania State University, University Park)
  • Reducing Nutrient Pollution in Romania’s Water Bodies, Gheorghe Constantin (Water Management Directorate, Ministry of Environment, Waters, and Forest, Bukarest) and Mihai Constantinescu (Integrated Nutrient Pollution Control Project Bukarest), and Cesar Niculescu (Environment Global Practice, World Bank)
  • Initiatives for Reducing Nonpoint Source Pollution in the European Union, Claudia Muresan (Water, Agro-Environmental Decision Support Systems, Agriculture and Rural Development Directorate, European Commission, Brussels)
  • New Zealand’s Experience with Mitigating Nonpoint Source Pollution, Hannah Leckie (Environment Directorate, OECD, Paris)

 

Panel Discussion: Implications for Changing Agricultural Water Policies

Session 1, Sharon B. Megdal (Water Resources Research Center, University of Arizona, Tucson)
Session 2, David Trèguer (Agriculture Global Practice, World Bank)
Session 3, Nicholas Brozović (Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute, University of Nebraska)
Session 4, Ariel Dinar (School of Public Policy, University of California, Riverside)
Session 5, Susanne Scheierling (Water Global Practice, World Bank)
Session 6, James Shortle (College of Agricultural Sciences Environment and Natural Resources Institute, and Center for Nutrient Pollution Solutions, Pennsylvania State University, University Park)

 

Publications pertinentes

 

Événement lié

Atelier OCDE-Commission européenne sur «Les voies vers un changement de politique sur l'eau dans l'agriculture», 20-21 février 2018, Bruxelles. Les présentations et un résumé sont disponibles sur le site de l'atelier.

 

Contact

Pour plus d'informations sur cet atelier, veuillez contacter la Direction des échanges et de l'agriculture (OCDE).

 

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