In 2014 South Africa’s growth continued to slow down, recording only 1.5%, the weakest performance since the global financial crisis. The nation’s economy was affected by its most protracted industrial action since the end of apartheid and significantly weak demand from trading partners.
The social progress South Africa has made over the past two decades is impressive. The transition to democracy has of course been a defining feature, and successive governments have implemented policies to increase well-being. The expansion of social grants has lifted many South Africans out of absolute poverty. This progress has been underpinned by a sound framework for macroeconomic policy.
South Africa has made impressive social progress over the past two decades, lifting millions of people out of poverty and broadening access to essential services like water, electricity and sanitation.
Des progrès sociaux considérables ont été accomplis ces vingt dernières années. Mais la croissance n’a pas été assez inclusive car l’emploi ne progresse pas suffisamment. Les politiques macroéconomiques permettent de stabiliser l’inflation et la dette publique. S’attaquer aux problèmes d’infrastructure et améliorer la réglementation des entreprises stimulerait la création d’emplois.
The Secretary-General was in Pretoria to present the 2015 OECD Economic Survey of South Africa and hold meetings with several high-level officials. He also participated in a meeting on the OECD’s New Approaches to Economic Challenges (NAEC) initiative.
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As in the OECD area, labour market conditions are gradually improving in South Africa, but much more progress is required to tackle a number of structural weaknesses. The unemployment rate still remains above its pre-crisis level and more than three and half times higher than the OECD average.
Base de données Statistiques de l'OCDE sur la santé 2015 - Notes par pays
Les estimation du soutien aux producteurs (ESP) et du soutien aux consommateurs (ESC) servent à suivre et évaluer le niveau et la composition du soutien financier public à l'agriculture.
Taxation is a key tool by which governments can influence energy use to contain its environmental impacts. This report provides a systematic analysis of the structure and level of energy taxes in OECD and selected other countries, including South Africa; together, they cover 80% of global energy use.
Ministers expressed full support for the OECD’s global relations strategy, as an essential element to increase its impact and relevance. This strategy has been the centrepiece of Secretary-General Angel Gurría’s vision to transform the Organisation into a more inclusive, global policy network and a prime forum for evidence-based policy exchange and global standard setting.