Luc Frieden was born in Luxembourg on September 16, 1963. He is married and has two children, born in 1994 and 1996. After finishing high school in Luxembourg, he studied law at the University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne) where he graduated in 1986 with a degree (maîtrise) in Business Law. He continued with his postgraduate studies and obtained a Master of Comparative Law and Legal Philosophy at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (1987) and went on to obtain a Master of Laws at Harvard Law School, United States (1988). From 1989 to 1998, he worked as an attorney-at-law in Luxembourg. During the same period, he taught constitutional law at the University Center of Luxembourg.
Mr. Frieden’s political career took off in 1994 when he participated in the general elections in Luxembourg for the Christian Democratic Party (CSV / EPP) and was immediately elected to Parliament. He served as member of the Luxembourg Parliament from 1994 to 1998 and was the Chairman of the Finance Committee and Chairman of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs. In 1998, at the age of 34, he was appointed Minister of Justice and Minister of Budget in the Luxembourg Government. He was reappointed to those same functions after the general elections of 1999. In 2004, after general elections, he continued to serve as a Minister of Justice and Minister of Treasury and Budget. He was also Minister of Defence from 2004 until 2006. After general elections in 2009, Mr. Frieden was again confirmed as a member of the Government and is now the Minister of Finance. In addition to his functions as Minister of Finance, Mr. Frieden was appointed in 2013 Minister for Communications and Media. He also serves as the Luxembourg Governor of the World Bank, of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and of the Asian Development Bank.