232 million international migrants are living in the world today, sixty percent of them in developed countries. The successful integration of immigrants strengthens communities and promotes inclusive growth in the long run. Nations that focus more on immigrants’ integration achieve higher levels of economic competitiveness, are more innovative, and have higher rates of entrepreneurship. Migrants contribute more in taxes and social contributions than they receive in individual benefits, while remittances sent home by migrants to developing countries are equivalent to more than three times official development assistance.
However, the following downsides exist: young migrants who fail in education, adult migrants who remain unemployed and unregulated migration. These challenges have been exacerbated over the past few years as migrants have been hit hard by the economic crisis. For example, in Europe half of unemployed immigrants spend over 12 months looking for work, according to the OECD 2013 International Migration Outlook. Such challenges can make migration a political lightning rod, a topic for angry debate, and extreme political choices.
- International Migration Outlook
- OECD work on migration
- Immigration as a Strategic Vector for the Socioeconomic and Institutional Development of Brazil
Strategic Studies of Public Policies, Volume 1, FGV Projetos
- Laima Andrikiene, Member, European Parliament
- Daniela Bobeva, Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Development, Republic of Bulgaria
- Chukwu-Emeka Chikezie, DirectorUp!-Africa Limited
- Paul Collier, Director, Centre for the Study of African Economies; Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
- Karl Cox, Vice-President, Public Policy and Corporate Affairs, Europe, Middle East and Africa, Oracle France
- Jean-Christophe Dumont, Head, International Migration, Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD
- Omar Munie, Designer, Omar Munie Clothing
- Young-bum Park, President, Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training (KRIVET)