OECD Forum 2014: Migration
Monday 5 May
12:00 - 13:30
Lunch debate

232 million international migrants are living in the world today, sixty percent of them in developed countries. The successful integration of immigrants strengthens communities and promotes inclusive growth in the long run. Nations that focus more on immigrants’ integration achieve higher levels of economic competitiveness, are more innovative, and have higher rates of entrepreneurship. Migrants contribute more in taxes and social contributions than they receive in individual benefits, while remittances sent home by migrants to developing countries are equivalent to more than three times official development assistance.

However, the following downsides exist: young migrants who fail in education, adult migrants who remain unemployed and unregulated migration. These challenges have been exacerbated over the past few years as migrants have been hit hard by the economic crisis. For example, in Europe half of unemployed immigrants spend over 12 months looking for work, according to the OECD 2013 International Migration Outlook. Such challenges can make migration a political lightning rod, a topic for angry debate, and extreme political choices. 

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