Forum 2016 Issues
PRODUCTIVITY & INCLUSIVE GROWTH
OECD Week 2016 placed a central emphasis on the need for policies that:
- strengthen productivity
- promote inclusive and sustainable growth
Access to quality jobs
How can the OECD quality job framework help:
- ageing populations that may need to extend their working lives
- 75 million young people unemployed worldwide
Closing the gender gap
Gender equality is central to increasing productivity and inclusiveness:
- focus on women in the workplace
- focus on women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM)
- focus on social, cultural, legal, and political barriers
The Forum addressed the challenges posed by migration flows:
- with a particular focus on the economic, social and political impact of the sudden, large influx of immigrants and refugees into Europe
- How best to meet the integration challenge?
INNOVATION & THE DIGITAL ECONOMY
- What needs to be done to ensure larger sectors of the economy benefit from innovation?
- What policies are available to support change and competition, yet provide fair social safety nets?
Future of education
- Simply earning a degree no longer guarantees a job, while the rise of online education, peer-to-peer and experiential learning has paved a popular alternative route
- Education systems have to increasingly focus on teaching values such as tolerance, respect, personal, social and environmental responsibility, integrity and self-awareness
- How can these skills be taught and tested?
Future of work
- What will be the impact (both positive and negative) of further advances in digitalisation on the world of work?
- What opportunities and challenges will digitalisation pose to labour market and skills policies?
- How can we ensure that workers are well prepared to face the changing world of work?
2015 provided a historic opportunity to set the objectives needed to:
- eradicate poverty and promote more inclusive societies
- address climate change and promote the circular economy
- ensure inclusive international tax rules and provide the financing to implement these global goals
Monitoring and implementation
Forum 2016 was an opportunity to discuss:
- best ways to monitor and manage progress
- how better collaboration is needed
to ensure the effective implementation of the:
- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
- COP21 Paris Agreement
- Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project (BEPS)
Boosting trade and investment
To stimulate productivity and innovation throughout the global economy and trigger a new wave of badly needed investment, we need to:
- design predictable and stable regulatory environments
- address barriers to trade
- make financial systems more resilient and supportive of real economic activity
Global, regional and local OECD
Finally, OECD Week and the Forum included a central focus on:
- the Latin American and Caribbean region with the launch of a new regional programme
- Japan with its chairmanship of the G7
- China with its chairmanship of the G20
The actions taken by cities and their mayors were given a special focus, as cities are excellent incubators for innovative policies.