The Fisheries and Aquaculture Innovation Platform (FAIP) is an initiative developed by the OECD in 2015. Over the next few decades, population and income growth, together with urbanisation and dietary diversification, are expected to create additional and greener demand for fish products. To meet these needs, fish production has to be efficient without harming the environment or using natural resources irresponsibly. It is essential to establish new patterns of production and consumption in order to help decouple growth from natural capital. The OECD green growth strategy highlights the role of innovation in underpinning sustained growth and giving rise to new economic opportunities. Towards Green Growth (2011), points out that “Green growth means fostering economic growth and development while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which our well-being relies (…) to do this it must catalyse investment and innovation”. The 2015, the OECD Innovation strategy reaffirms that innovation, which involves the creation and diffusion of new products, processes and methods, can be a critical part of the solution for green growth. While innovation is not a goal in itself, it provides the foundation for new businesses, new jobs and productivity growth this in turn creates resilient and adaptable economies. Governments play a key role in fostering a sound environment for innovation, by developing policy frameworks that enhance policy coherence, investing in innovation, empowering people to innovate, helping firms overcome barriers to innovation, facilitating the role of knowledge diffusion and ensuring that innovation contributes to key goals of public policy.
A number of countries have agencies or platforms that have been established to promote national innovation; however, no such organisation exists at the international level on fisheries and aquaculture broad topics. The OECD has a comparative advantage in creating a knowledge base on innovation in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors, enabling stakeholders to bring together different types of expertise, experience and interests across the globe. Complex natural resource management problems involve interactions and trade-offs at different levels including the International level.
This platform is dedicated to innovation in fisheries and aquaculture sectors which are divided into five main areas:
- Harvesting or fishing technologies such as more effective ways to find or harvest fish and which are typically associated with improvements in catch per unit of effort (for example: type/size of vessels and their methods of propulsion, search technologies, method of catching or harvesting fish and bringing them on board)
- Conservation technologies such as devices that reduce by-catches or the impacts of fisheries on marine habitats. Conservation technologies can be associated with monitoring and information that measures, controls and monitors the direct harvesting impacts (VMS, video monitoring, etc.) or with the improvement of information, data on the life history, movement and abundance of marine populations and the quality of their habitat
- Aquaculture technologies are defined as methods to more effectively grow fish in captivity (innovation in feeds, improving the health of aquaculture animals, etc.)
- New products & markets such as thedevelopment of new fish products and markets (food technologies/processing such as the development of surimi as a crabmeat substitute) and the improvement of market access (secure or enlarge markets for fish products) that provides important incentives for green growth (for example: eco-certification with fishers adopting by-catch saving technologies or modifying fishing practices and/or territorial user rights in fisheries.)
- Institutional innovation which is intended to improve how fisheries are managed in order to help mitigate market failures and to better deliver on desired outcomes of management, such as ecosystem based fisheries management. This takes into account the myriad of policy initiatives that internalise the external costs of actions by fishers (output control, fishing quotas, etc.) such as market design (incentives payment, regulatory threats, etc.), policy innovation with information collection, dissemination and evaluation. It regroups most of the present activities of fisheries scientists such as information sharing on individual and fleet fishing behaviour as an emergent public good valuable to regulators, the industry and consumers. This can also help align private incentives with public interest such as marine spatial planning, etc. Institutional innovation can also be related to strategic planning, coordination and enforcement tools especially activities of fisheries managers with a green growth goal setting and priority planning along with measures to encourage and/or enforce product and process innovations.
The information provided has been obtained through the collection and review of available public information. This platform is integrated within the broader OECD work of the Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation and is expected to find a variety of users with different functional and informational needs, including:
- Policy makers who design and implement innovation policy, allocate resources, and set priorities for long-term development and growth agendas
- Policy analysts, particularly from government, universities, think tanks and consultancies, who inform policy making through concept development, analysis and advice
- International agencies who work with countries to improve the design and implementation of innovation policies in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors
- Non-governmental stakeholders such as NGOs, firms, and entrepreneurs who engage in innovation policy processes
» Discover how fisheries and aquaculture innovation is organised